The Importance Of Language Environment In Language Learning

3056 Words 13 Pages
Chapter One Introduction
1.1 The background of the study
S. P. Corder, a famous linguist, pointed out: we actually haven’t the ability to make students learn a kind of language, the thing we can do is to create a proper language learning environment, which proved the importance of language environment in language teaching. With the globalization of economy and the frequency of communication, our country and society had the higher requirement for the use of English. However, at present, the situation that students can’t speak English is very general, for example, the dumb English. Most students can understand a sentence even the article in English, but they can’t express their ideas in English. As we all know, language environment decide the
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Generally speaking, most children acquire the language quickly and effortlessly. There are some questions concerning how language is learned? Generally, how language is learned has 2 different theories, namely the behaviorist, the interactionist views. According to the behaviorist, a child learning the language is simply a matter of imitation and habit formation, he can imitate the sounds and pattern of the people around him. The interactionist claims that language learning is a result of the complex interplay between the human characteristics of the child and the environment in which he grows, which holds the modified language input is crucial, which also is suitable for the child capability. In behaviorist’s view, language environment plays a major role in providing both language models and feedback. There is one thing can be sure that language environment is essential in providing input for language acquisition. Acquisition is different from learning, acquisition is a subconscious process without learning of grammatical rules, which means learners hardly can be aware of their learning when they are using the language to communicate. Learning is a conscious effort learning the foreign language knowledge by talking about the rules and learning the rules. Krashen pointed that learners advance their language learning by receiving comprehensible input, which …show more content…
If students can feel the atmosphere of English at any time or places in the campus, they will be influenced imperceptibly to learn English in such a pleasant atmosphere. Generally, students begin to learn English after mastering the Chinese, Therefore, in the face of a completely different language system, the existing knowledge of Chinese tongue has certain interference on accepting English pronunciation and syntax structure. There must be a long progress of language practice before communicating with English learners. Taking the Mongolian students as an example, they begin to study Chinese in primary school while the Han nationality students begin to learn English. But comparing the learning effect between the Han and Mongolian students, the difference is very big. All the Mongolian students almost can easily communicate in Chinese, Han students, however, can not communicate in English. The only difference can be found is whether students have the language environment to practice it in daily life. The reason why most Mongolian can easily speak Chinese is they are in a bilingual environment, although they speak Mongolian in their daily life. Because Chinese is the official language, they have many opportunities to communicate with other people in Chinese. Under such real language environment, language learners can have more opportunities to access to the actual training, so the language ability

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