The Importance Of Glucose Regulation

Good Essays
Glucose Regulation

Need of homeostatic system

We need homeostasis so that we can keep our internal environment in check. We need this internal balance so that chemical and biological processes to occur.

Organs involved

Lungs:The Lungs are responsible for the regulation of oxygen levels within the blood which is critical to the respiration process.
Pancreas:The regulation of blood-glucose levels is paramount for survival. The pancreas is a small organ located below the stomach it has a number of functions. One of the most important is the regulation of blood-sugar levels. The pancreas contains special cells known as the Islets of Langerhans that detect blood-glucose levels.
Kidneys:Kidneys regulate the amount of water present in the human
…show more content…
For glucose to be used as energy it needs to enter the cells of the body, this is done by insulin. When blood sugar levels go up, the pancreas releases its insulin and regulates the blood sugar level.

Response to decrease of glucose in the body: Hypoglycemia is the medical term for low blood sugar levels. A Hypoglycemia reaction is caused by increased demand for glucose. The body could "run out" glucose faster, therefore bringing a hypoglycemic attack. Persistent intake of excessive alcohol can cause this reaction, this is because alcohol decreases glucose stores in the liver. When blood sugar levels go down the pancreas releases glucagon which regulates the blood sugar level

Diseases related to blood glucose levels

Disease/Condition caused by decrease of blood glucose

Hypoglycemia:Low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia, can be dangerous. Low blood sugar can happen as a result of intake of medications that increase insulin. Overdosing on medication, eating less than normal, or exercising more than usual can cause low blood sugar levels. Blood sugar is also known as glucose. Glucose is needed in body so that it can perform its functios
…show more content…
Treatment/Cure:Diabetes

Type 1: Type 1 diabetes is treated by controlling the blood sugar levels (glucose). Blood sugar level are controlled by several insulin injections every day or an insulin pump. Monitoring blood sugar level several times a day is imperative

Type 2: Treatment of type 2 diabetes includes:
Healthy eating
Regular exercise
Diabetes medication or insulin therapy
Blood sugar monitoring
Treatment/Cure:Hypoglycemia
The intensive management of hypoglycemia includes the rapid intake of sugar. This can come from regular soft drinks, juice, lifesaver candies, table sugar etc. At least 15 grams of sugar must be consumed, this should be followed by an evaluation of symptoms and a blood glucose check. If after 10 minutes there are no positive results, another 10-15 grams should consumed. This can be repeated up to three times.

The equivalency of 10-15 grams of glucose (approximate servings) are:
Four lifesavers
4 teaspoons of sugar
1/2 can of regular soda or

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Pancreatic polypeptide released following a meal may reduce further food consumption; however, it is also released in response to fasting. Glucagon Receptors in the pancreas can sense the decline in blood glucose levels, such as during periods of fasting or during prolonged labor or exercise. In response, the alpha cells of the pancreas secrete the hormone glucagon, which has several effects: It stimulates the liver to convert its stores of glycogen back into glucose. This response is known as glycogenolysis. The glucose is then released into the circulation for use by body cells.…

    • 851 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Insulin And Glycogen Essay

    • 1240 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Glucagon on the other does the opposite of insulin by acting to bring up blood glucose level when it is low. Glucagon is created by alpha cells in the pancreas. It is activated when there is a decrease in the blood glucose level during the fasting phase of metabolism. After being released from the pancreas by the alpha cell, glycogen travels to the liver to break apart the glycogen to glucose. This uprise in glucose molecule will eventually bring up your blood glucose level to its normal range.…

    • 1240 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Essay On Blood Sugar

    • 498 Words
    • 2 Pages

    In a healthy person, the concentration of glucose between 4 and 6 mmol / L, fasting. The concentration of glucose in the blood is controlled primarily by the hormones insulin and glucagon. When we have eaten triggers insulin liver, muscle and fat cells to increase their uptake of glucose causing the blood sugar lowering. When blood sugar is low, it is glucagon that affects the liver and muscles so that they release a portion of the glucose they gathered up. Glucagon is produced in the alpha cells, and insulin is produced in the so-called islet (beta-cells).…

    • 498 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    You 'll need to pay attention to carbs, fiber, fat, and salt to manage your blood sugar. Physical activity—from working out to doing chores—lower your blood sugar. It also helps your cells use insulin. It also helps your muscles use glucose. Pills often the first kind of medicine people type 2 diabetes try when diet and exercise alone aren 't enough to keep their blood sugar in healthy range.…

    • 1019 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Fatty Acid Synthesis

    • 894 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Different tissues in our body can cross-talk during fasting and fed state via hormonal regulation. Two major hormones, insulin and glucagon, play an important role in regulating metabolic homeostasis by inducing different responses from tissues such as liver, adipose tissue, and muscle. During fed state, insulin promotes glucose uptake in the muscle and adipose tissue and stimulates glycogen and fatty acid synthesis in the liver. At the same time, it inhibits lipolysis and hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. On the other hand, glucagon during fasting state would induce the opposite responses.…

    • 894 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    According to Molina (2013), diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2 are caused by impaired release of pancreatic hormone known as insulin. When there is relative or total absence of this hormone, uptake of glucose by insulin- sensitive tissues is greatly decreased and it causes serious consequences in human body as blood glucose level rises (Molina, 2013). In terms of medication for diabetes, Power (2012) recommended that for type 1 diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent diabetes, various insulin preparations and regimens are used to produce the effect of insulin release after meals as like in normal physiological condition. Insulin preparations are human insulin produced from recombinant DNA technology. Most of the time, insulin is injected into the subcutaneous tissues.…

    • 1364 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Insulin is secreted by the pancreas. When not enough insulin is secreted, blood sugar levels in the body increase. Decreased secretion of insulin can also cause protein and fat metabolism abnormalities in the human body. Diabetes is classified as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism relates to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth.…

    • 820 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Carbohydrate Benefits

    • 858 Words
    • 4 Pages

    This is important since glucose is the body’s main source of energy for healing and for cell repair and for proper brain function. Some fat is also essential in every diet. Typically, the recommend amount of total fat is 30%. Unsaturated fat such as omega -3 fatty or omega – 6 fatty acids is encouraged instead of saturated fat. We do, however, need to monitor blood glucose levels since elevated blood glucose make wound healing more difficult.…

    • 858 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Breaking the word down, "hyper" means high and "osmolarity" is the measure of concentrations of active particles in a solution. This happens to people who produce enough insulin to prevent DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis, but not enough to prevent hyperglycemia. Then we move onto HHNS which is hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome. This is caused by either an illness of infection and results from high blood sugar levels. The glucose level rises and your body tries to get rid of the excess sugar by passing through your urine.…

    • 814 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    • Confusion. • Treat hypoglycemia right away. If you are alert and able to swallow safely, follow the 15:15 rule: • Take 15–20 grams of a rapid-acting carbohydrate. Rapid-acting options include glucose gel, glucose pills, or 4 oz (120 mL) of fruit juice, regular soda, or low-fat milk. • Check your blood glucose level 15 minutes after you take the carbohydrate.…

    • 1844 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays