What Is Freedom Of Expression?
In the song Mr. Malema makes the statement that all
Afrikaner farmers should be shot and killed. He was found guilty under the Equality Act and the case was settled outside of court (FXI, 2013). Julius and all the members of his political party were banned from singing the song in public. This became the leading hate speech case in South African. When South African real estate agent, Penny Sparrow took to social media recently in 2016, with a statement referring to black people as uneducated monkeys, an outrage sparked in the media (Evans, 2016). A charge of hate speech was made against Penny Sparrow and the South African Human Rights Commission made an investigation into the matter.
These are but two of many such cases of freedom of expression which borders onto hate speech. The impact of such derogatory statements has a negative ripple effect on society. Debates and discussions around the lack of protection by the constitution around hate speech emerged. It is the opinion of some members of society that freedom of expression is being threatened, while others believe that the law needs to reinforce a firm legislation on hate speech (Evans, 2016). The Freedom of Expression Institute (FXI) of 1994, who defend and fight for the right to freedom of expression, argues that such factors as intent, audience receiving the speech