The Importance Of Food Regulation And Food Control In The UK

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Food regulation and food control in the UK
Food Fraud Regulation Authorities
In the UK, food safety protection are not only managed and controlled by national government, also by non-governmental sector regulators, special interest groups and value chain actors (Mensah & Julien, 2010). They are components of Food Safety Management System (FSMS) which is a systematic approach to controlling food safety hazards within a food business in order to ensure that food is safe to eat (FSMS, 2015). All food business operators are required to hold an appropriate written food safety management system in place (The Food Safety and Hygiene (England) Regulations, 2013). And FSMS must be based on Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) which is a system
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HACCP is a food safety method used internationally, U.S. Food and Drug Administration defined HACC as a management system in which food safety is addressed through the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product (FDA, 2015). In the FSMS, not only food safety regulation authorities, such as Food Standard Agency (FSA) and Department of Environmental Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) are involved, but also World Trade Organization (WTO) which is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations (World Trade Oranization, 2016). Food Standards Agency (FSA) is an independent non-ministerial government department which is responsible for creating a safety food environment for …show more content…
Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) database. The USP is a scientific nonprofit organization that sets standards for the identity, strength, quality, and purity of medicines, food ingredients, and dietary supplements manufactured, distributed and consumed worldwide (USP, 2016). Their efforts have helped the US build up scientific standards and regulations on drugs and foods, their standards also have impacted to more than 140 countries. The database of USP is available for public, and it is an academic research paper that collected information from publicly available articles in scholarly journals and general media from year 1980 to 2010. It includes 1305 records, which were categorized based on data fields used, types of fraud and specific types of ingredients, including 1000 records with analytical methods collected from 677 references (Moore, Spink & Lipp, 2012). Information gathered in the database is from researches publically reported in English. As a result, this database does not address food fraud issues only in the United

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