The purpose of the article is to describe and explain the importance the father and mother have on their children’s cognitive development through play in a longitudinal study.
The importance of the father involvement in their child’s life and the father’s income influences the child’s life drastically through academic achievement, peer relations, cognitive development, and behavioral or emotional regulation. The authors asked if mother and father engagement relates to children’s outcome, and if the father and child stay associated after the influence of material engagement and demographic factors. Studies have shown that mother’s being sensitive has positively benefited children, but being controlling and harsh adversely …show more content…
The data was obtained when the child was 24 and 36 months. The ages of the parents ranged from 19 to 51 for the fathers and 15 to 43 for the mothers. All mother’s received government assistance and almost all the fathers were working.
Procedures: Several mother- child and father-child home visits were completed and each visit involved interviews and videotaped sequences of parent- child play. The activity that was videotaped was 10 minutes of play with toys from different bags.
Measures: During the interview information about both parents were gathered. The BSID-II mental scare was completed on the children at 2 years and 3 years of age. It assessed the child’s memory, problem solving, early number concepts, generalization skills, classification abilities, vocalization, language, and social skill. An MDI score between 85 and 100 is normal. A PPVT was completed at 3 years. A PPVT measures the child’s receptive. quality of the parent’s engagement with their child was assessed using scales adapted from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. NICHD assesses the six parent dimensions on a 7-point …show more content…
The article looked at how fathers’ engagement relates to the child’s language and cognitive development. Only a few longitudinal studies have been completed on the topic of parents and young children in low-income families. The results confirmed the authors’ predictions that more educated, employed, and married fathers can affect the child’s development by enhancing mother and child relationships. If the father and mother were positive and sensitive the child had a higher MDI and PPVT score, but if the father and mother were detached and intrusive it had a negative affect on the child’s MDI and PPVT score.
The study had some limitations in my eyes; the parents that were chosen for the study came from the Nation Evaluation of Early Head Start, so the data cannot represent the United States as a whole. Another limitation is the observation of parent and child play was only for 10 minutes, and during that time the parents tend to have elicit positive behaviors with their child. The study used to different test to measure the child’s cognitive development and those are limitations because the test are limited in their ability to capture the rich variation that exists in children’s semantic, pragmatic, and syntactic uses of language during this important