The Importance Of Family Planning

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Family planning allows individual and couples to anticipate and attain their desire number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility. A women ability to space and limit her pregnancies has a direct impact on her health and well-being as well as on the outcome of each pregnancy.
Women with unmet need are those who are fecund and sexually active but are not using any method of contraception, and report not wanting any more children or wanting to delay the next children. The concept of unmet need points to the gap between women’s reproductive intensions and their contraceptive behaviors.1
At the beginning of Christian era nearly 2000
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Throughout history human beings have engaged in both pro and antinatalist practices directed at enhancing social welfare. In many foraging and agricultural societies a variety of methods such as prolong breastfeeding were used to space birth and maintain equilibrium between resources and population size. Two Birth Control clinics were started by the Government of Mysore (Karnataka) for the first time in June 1930. In the modern era of industrial capitalist development, conservative fundamentalist group have tended to oppose abortion and reproductive choice for women on grounds of religion and tradition. They believe that abortion and contraception are inimical to the biological role of women as mother to the maintenance of male dominant familial and community arrangement. The rapid speed of evangelical Christianity and militant Islam around the world further aggravate the situation.3
In 1959, the Family Planning Association of Nepal was established in Nepal. When it was established the idea of family planning was considered inimical to religious, cultural and social norms with the institution of government of Nepal maternal and child health division in 1969, family planning association of Nepal started to supplement and compliment the national health and population programs. Since 56 year the government is trying to reduce annual population growth rate. Annual population growth rate of Nepal was 2.4 in
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In fact it is a strategy through which family planning education is dispensed to women, illiteracy rural and urban dwellers, the poor and adolescent population who are at risk of unwanted pregnancy, Human Immune Virus/sexually transmitted infection (HIV/STIs) and other reproductive ill-health. It identifies the group most likely to be interested in contraception but not already using contraception. It poses a clear challenge to reach and serve these women. The concept of unmet needs point to the gap between some women’s reproductive intension and their contraceptive behaviors. In doing so, it poses a challenge to family planning programs, to reach and serve the millions of women whose reproductive attitude resemble those of contraceptive users but for some reason or combination of reason, are not using

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