A diagnosis of hypertension requires many incidence of high blood pressure over a period of time. When the blood pressure is high, the arteries are working harder to push blood throuhout the body causing the heart to work extra. If high blood pressure is not treated accordingly it might lead to many other complications like cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke (Story, 2015, p.105).
Secondly, atherosclerosis is another risk identify in this family history. Atherosclerosis is defined as “thickening and hardening of the arterial wall. Lesions (or plaques) composed of lipids develop on the vessel wall and calcify over time” (Story, p.94). These plaques formation hinder the circulation and lead to an increase effort of the heart to pump blood to different part of the body. Atherosclerosis not only cause peripheral vascular disease but it can also lead to heart problems, high blood pressure, and stroke (Story, 2015, p.