Child Immigrants: A Case Study

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The United States is the world’s leading country with diverse culture and ethnic groups, and is considered as a land of freedom and equal opportunity. In the other words, people expect to be treated just like everyone else and to have the ability to practice their basic human rights without any obstruction in this country. This concept refers to ‘social justice’. People from all over the world come to America holding on to the chance to live the American Dream, assuming that this equal opportunity will be applied to them as well. According to an article written by Zong and Natalova (2016), 13.3 percent of the U.S. population are immigrated and this rate has been continuously rising since 1970. Child immigrants under age 18 are accounted for …show more content…
The American Nurses Association (ANA) defines the six ethical principles that healthcare providers should consider in patient care. Among them, three principles are closely related to the illegal immigrant children which include beneficence, justice, and non-maleficence (ANA, n.d.). Beneficence refers to positive action to help others. Many children who crossed the border fight for survival in their home country and could not receive healthcare services to reach their developmental potential. As an advocate, healthcare providers have the responsibility to promote their health and well-being, practicing good care for the children. This is closely related to the principle of justice. Justice means that everyone has an equal and fair distribution of resources for their health benefits: Obviously they cannot be provided the equal and fair quality of healthcare comparable to their home land. This is another point to think about when considering this illegal immigrant issue. At the same time, it is important to consider the other population that might be affected by the health condition of the immigrant population as well. If the immigrant children bring communicable disease and spread them into their new home, mass population are possibly hurt. In this case, professionals fail to perform a duty to protect people from harm, which refers to …show more content…
Beneficence or non-maleficence? People who value non-maleficence more worry about the public health effects on the American population and voice up to protect them from diseases that the immigrants might carry with them. According to an article posted by Southern Medical Association (2015), illegal immigrants kids expose the public to highly communicable diseases, such as tuberculosis(TB), syphilis, gonorrhea, polio, diphtheria, smallpox, and many other contagious diseases. They argue that these people could harm everyone in the United States. Leathy (2016) also supported this idea. In his article, he listed 6 diseases; TB, measles, whooping cough, mumps, scarlet fever, and bubonic plague, which immigrants bring into America. Leathy (2016) mentioned that Americans were almost free from these diseases during the 20th century, but with the rising number of illegal immigrants, the diseases reached another outbreak. For example, foreign born TB incidence in America increased three times by 2015, compared to the case in the late 1980. Another statistic that Leathy (2016) cited from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) is the measles outbreak. The U.S. recorded measles elimination in 2000 with recommend vaccination, but it increased to more than 600 cases in 2014. According to CDC (2015) the majority of measles cases were unvaccinated, and they pointed out that unlike most immigrant population, illegal immigrants who fled to

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