The Importance Of Epidemiology In Public Health

Improved Essays
The first step in conducting a research is to consider a research problem. The problem should be one that someone would like to investigate or a situation that needs to be changed or addressed.
8.1 Significance of the concept
The concept is significant as the purpose of research is to inform action. A research produces knowledge that is applicable outside of the research setting with implications that go beyond the sample or selected population. Furthermore, the results of a research have implications for policy and project implementation.
8.2 Current research activities related to the concept/implementation of activities related to the concept
There is the UNICEF OFFICE OF RESEARCH that has the prime objectives to improve international
…show more content…
This concept forms the basis for reporting on health events in the current world. In an epidemic it is important to know which set of persons are affected and who are the persons most affected and those who are likely to be affected. Also in the case of a pandemic the calculations will tell how quickly the health event is spreading and the probability of it spreading.

Concept 10.0 Uses of epidemiology in public health
This concept is in Module 11
Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health and disease-related states in populations, and the application of this study to control health problems. Epidemiology is thus very useful to the field of public health in the control and prevention of catastrophic health disasters.
10.1 Significance of the concept
The functions of epidemiology are clearly defined and give an idea of what is entailed in the discipline of epidemiology. The functions are significant as they help us to:
1. Discover the agent, host, and environmental factors which affect
…show more content…
Evaluate the effectiveness of health programs and services
10.2 Current research activities related to the concept/implementation of activities related to the concept
Noroviruses are a major cause of infectious gastroenteritis worldwide, and the viruses can establish persistent infection in immune-compromised individuals. From 2010 to 2013 a retrospective review among immune-compromised patients enrolled in research studies at National Institutes of Health Clinical Center and identified a subset of norovirus positive patients who provided stool specimens for norovirus genotyping analysis. Norovirus was identified as the leading enteric pathogen in this immune-compromised population.
10.3 Application of concept in current job
As Public Health Practitioners we aim as best as possible while practising preventive medicine, to provide scientific basis for prevention of disease, injury and the promotion of health. Therefore, collection and testing of samples and specimen is done whenever there is an outbreak so as to identify causative agent, host and environments. Health Education is done as well to make persons aware. During routine inspections, search is done to identify and control host, agent and environment of diseases. In Zika Virus outbreak the section of the population with greatest risk – the pregnant mothers- from specific causes of ill health were targeted so that the indicated action was directed

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Epidemiologist

    • 586 Words
    • 3 Pages

    What is an Epidemiologist? Epidemiologists are health care scientists who study disease patterns within large groups. That is, they study disease outbreaks and developments in order to treat current public health problems and prevent future outbreaks. Read more to learn how and why epidemiologists are so important to public health and well-being. What Exactly is Epidemiology?…

    • 586 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Diseases that can become prevalent and run rampant affect populations, therefore it must be monitored closely. Two examples of public health information systems tailored to combat an epidemic are CDC’s HIV/AIDS reporting system and Immunization Information systems (ISS). The CDC’s National HIV Surveillance System is the major source that monitors HIV trends in the United States (CDC.gov, n.d.a). Also, the CDC finances and aids state and local health departments to gather the information. Thus, the CDC knows the past and current HIV/AIDS cases.…

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

     The South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey is collecting critical data on population health and the risk factors for NCDs.  Notwithstanding, a comprehensive surveillance system needs to be developed for NCDs. It must include monitoring the exposures that lead to NCDS (unhealthy lifestyles and risk factors including among young people),  Monitoring health outcomes (illness and cause specific mortality) as well as the health system response (capacity, access to interventions and quality of…

    • 855 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Epidemiology is used to search for factors and causes that impact the incidents of health-related events such as diseases, syndromes, and injuries. Epidemiology tries to provide the answers on why and how by comparing groups with different rates of disease existence and with differences in demographic characteristics, genetic and so-called potential risk factors. Epidemiologic findings provide satisfactory evidence that helps direct effective public health control and prevention measures. Public Health is the science of preventing disease and focuses on the improvement of the health of all people through preventive measures. Epidemiology is the science that studies the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined…

    • 631 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is one of the leading agencies in the department, and is one of the leading agencies in public health. By understanding the history, roles, and objectives of the CDC, one can better appreciate the role it plays in the public health sector. As stated on its website, the CDC’s mission is to work 24/7 to protect the United States from health, safety, and security threats (CDC Website). In addition, the CDC also serves to help communities fight disease. The CDC does this through scientific analysis and investigation in order to provide the public information on dangerous health threats and works on several ways to respond when these health dangers are imminent.…

    • 951 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    1. Why is epidemiological surveillance important for public health? (2 points) Epidemiological surveillance is important to public health primarily because it prevents the spread of infectious or communicable diseases. By requiring healthcare providers to report cases classified as notifiable diseases, state and federal public health departments can monitor the trends of these diseases in real time. As a result, these departments can respond to an increase in a specific notifiable disease early to contain a would be epidemic.…

    • 1280 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Public Health

    • 559 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The CDC plays an important role in public health by responding to natural and man-made disasters. With their response,…

    • 559 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Epidemiologic Surveillance 6318 Short Report # 3 An Evaluation of the STI Surveillance in the Summerville County Importance of Evaluation According to CDC, surveillance is the ongoing systemic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health related data which is essential for planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice (Lee et al, 2010). Surveillance system evaluation should be done periodically to assess the effectiveness, relevance and impact of the surveillance system (Lee et al, 2010). Evaluation of the surveillance system is of importance because it will help ensure that data collection resource is used efficiently and that public health problems is monitored effectively (Lee et al, 2010). The surveillance system…

    • 1344 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Syndromic surveillance approaches could be utilized to track the burden of chronic illnesses such as heart disease and mental illness. Data collection and analysis would be a useful tool for tracking risk factors and trends of population health. The resulting data may be used to enhance public health prevention strategies or disease management and may also provide further identification of risk factors. According to Choi (2012) surveillance is considered to be an essential function the of public health system. The author quotes the 2001 definition of public health surveillance from the Center for Disease Control noting “public health surveillance is the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data regarding a health-related event for use in public health action to reduce morbidity and mortality and to improve health” (Historical Development of the Concepts and Definitions of Public Health Surveillance, table 5).…

    • 773 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Public Health Agencies

    • 1118 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The state nurses and epidemiologists are primarily responsible for collecting and reviewing data on certain disease processes. It is through this surveillance that they are able to identify trends and investigate alarming disease patterns. Examples of data collected include vital statistics records, communicable or infectious diseases, surveys of behavioral risk factors, cancer registries, childhood immunizations and hospital discharges (Salinsky, 2012). Another critical service that is provided by the state especially in the world-wide Ebola scare is the availability of lab services. The state lab is responsible for testing the sophisticated conditions that are often too delicate or even risky for private labs.…

    • 1118 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays