The Importance Of Education In Latin American Education

1360 Words 6 Pages
Despite being increasingly democratic and globalized, the Latin American region faces widespread poverty, affecting a large proportion of its population. According to Nelly P. Stromquist, Professor at the University of Maryland College of Education, “poverty increased during the 1980–1990 decade in Latin America, growing from 46 to 60% in urban areas and from 80 to 85% in the countryside” (Stromquist, 2001, p. 966). Due to the region’s globalization, there is more emphasis on the importance of education – however, since education is framed in terms of economic competitiveness, and not social justice, Latin American education systems give priority to efficiency rather than to equity. Consequently, there is not enough attention paid to poor and …show more content…
According to Marx, industrial capitalism compels all nations and individuals to adopt the bourgeoisie mode of production (Lauder et al, 2006). By continuing their pro-market reforms and keeping teachers overworked and underpaid, the Chilean government is delegitimizing the role of education and treating it as a commodity to be sold and bartered in a capitalist market. While the government is trying to take steps to improve educational access and outcomes (e.g. promising free education), these promises have not yet been realized. Additionally, looking at these issues through a Bourdieuan perspective shows how Chilean students are limited by their social structures, largely tied to how much capital these students have. Within Chile, the education system reproduces privilege by granting better learning environments for students in more affluent backgrounds, as the privatization of Chilean schools has led to a disparity in educational quality between public and private institutions. Ultimately, the realities of the Chilean education system make it increasingly difficult for teachers to be effective educators, consequently mitigating the overall quality for its students. On the regional level, Latin American policymakers can strive to reduce the number of hours teachers have to work, increase teachers’ salaries, and hire more teachers in order to reduce class

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