Lack Of Education In Tess Of The D Urbervilles

Improved Essays
The deprivation of education from women in both novels show how the women are inferior to men and are born to face discrimination and hardship throughout the duration of their lives.
In Hardy’s novel, Tess received a basic form of education and she aspired to become a teacher but because of the incident with Prince, she felt the need to provide for her family as she felt responsible for his death. She was forced to seek money or work from her “ancestors” and that caused her to cross paths with Alec. As Tess was not only lower class but also a woman, she barely had any rights in Victorian society. Had Tess had the education or understanding of the law or finances, she could have legally dealt with Alec’s misconduct. However, her lack of education
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Mariam was deprived of an education by her mother as she says no need for it, “What’s the sense in schooling a girl like you? It’s like shining a spittoon. And you’ll learn nothing of value in those schools.” While Mariam “…pictured herself in a classroom with other girls her age. Mariam longed to place a ruler on a page and draw important-looking lines,” her educational aspirations were hindered by her mother. This left her with no options later in life when she had murdered Rasheed. Her interaction with Laila shows that Mariam unlike Laila had an education and could survive, “It isn’t right that I run. I can’t…For me, it ends here. There’s nothing more I want.” When the Mujahedeen took control, they reversed the Communist education policy, and the Taliban further denied women’s rights and access to education, healthcare and employment even though the Prophet said `seeking knowledge is incumbent on every Muslim." Similarly, Rasheed’s lack of education caused him to deprive his wives of a decent and happy life, “…still Rasheed had not given them any food, and worse, no water.” This description shows his cruelty, inhumane treatment of his wives and demonstrates the lack of rights women had because uneducated men like Rasheed believed women were worthless. He encompassed in convention and criticised Hakim for his education and modern thinking, “…these soft men. There’s a teacher living down the street, Hakim is his name, and I see his wife Fariba al the time walking the streets alone with nothing on her head but a scarf. It embarrasses me, frankly, to see a man who’s lost control of his wife.” Likewise, Fariba’s hatred of the Soviets is ironic as they were the people who gave her and her daughter the best opportunities and the ability to be educated, “if not for the Mujahideen, we’d still be the Soviets’ servants, remember.” The irony in her interaction is seen as the Mujahedeen

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