China's Environmental Problems

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China as the second largest economic power in the world currently is facing a dilemma- development or environment? Since the late 1970s, China’s rapid economic development has been accompanied by environmental problems especially pollution and also resource constraints. Thus, it is a challenge for China to resolve and balance both development and environment due to its unique demography and terrain. The study focuses on the development needs and the importance of the environment in the case of China’s environmental pollution problem. According to World Population Clock (2015), China is the world largest population growth with approximately 0.5% yearly and 1.3 billions population in 2014. The economic development is vital especially for …show more content…
For example, aging population, income inequality, ethnic tension, corruption, poverty and famine. If China government slows down the economic development, these issues will be worsen by the increasing of unemployment rate. Thus, it is very important for China to maintain the economic growth in order to reduce social problem. To transform itself to a developed country, China needs to continue its economic growing as one of the tool to restructure the economy. Industrialization is one of the method for China to become a developed country that owns its strong economic power. One of the reason that developing countries are difficult to transform themselves is the restriction on the immature economic structure. Therefore, it is important for China to continue the development in order to complete the economic structure. In addition, China requires economic power to uphold her national interest in order to survive in the globalization. Without strong and mutual economy, China would not be a strong power both regionally or globally. To ensure her own peace risen as a regional hegemonic power, China will continue the development in economic aspects, in all …show more content…
In China, the purpose of economic development is to improve people’s living standards. However, people’s lives are affected by damaging the environment during the process of development. It violate real intention of economic development. One of the key element in economic development is the building of infrastructure such as railway, houses, pipeline and power station. These infrastructure are built on the basis of environment, for example the land. If there is no sufficient land, there will be less possibility for building the infrastructure. However, building these artificial infrastructure leads to inevitable of destroying natural habitat and biodiversity. Forest and trees had been chopped off to build the power station and develop housing project. When the environment has been altered by the mankind, there is no sustainability for example no more forest and no more trees. It brings a negative impact to biodiversity and the balance of ecology system as more and more species are losing their habitats. The offset of the ecology is destructive to human beings too for example, flood and landslide occur more frequent then ever. The natural disaster will destroy the infrastructures that had been built and eventually destroy the development process of

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