The Role Of Depression In Adolescents

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Depression affects many people, including children. “About 5 percent of children and adolescents suffer from depression, and in 2012, an estimated 2.2 million adolescents aged 12 to 17 in the United States had at least one major depressive episode in the past year. This represented 9.1 percent of the U.S. population aged 12 to 17 (National Institute of Mental Health, 2014). Persisting sadness and hopelessness are troubling predictors of clinical depression, which is significantly linked to suicidal behavior” (Henderson & Thompson, 2011 p. 646).
Depression can affect anyone. However, depression affects girls more than boys. In addition, the female preponderance in depression rates adolescence (e.g., Hankin et al., 1998). Further, there is ambiguity about whether non-Caucasians, especially African Americans, experience as large a rise or as strong an emergence of gender differences in depression as Caucasians during adolescence (e.g., Hayward, Gotlib, Schradley, & Litt, 1999; Kessler et al., 2003; Riólo, Nguyen, Greden, & King, 2005; Siegel, Yancey, Aneshensel, & Schuler, 1999)
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They range from mild to severe. Normal depression can occur with everyone. This depression can be due to certain situations, circumstances or setbacks. Chronic depression is associated with sadness. This depression may also occur due to certain situations or for no reason. Crisis depression can occur due to a certain event. This depression can affect a person’s life in certain ways. The last depression is clinical. Clinical depression is severe, in most cases. This depression impairs the person’s psychosocially. It can also lead the person to have suicidal

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