The Importance Of Depression On Children

2220 Words 9 Pages
Depression affects many people, including children. “About 5 percent of children and adolescents suffer from depression, and in 2012, an estimated 2.2 million adolescents aged 12 to 17 in the United States had at least one major depressive episode in the past year. This represented 9.1 percent of the U.S. population aged 12 to 17 (National Institute of Mental Health, 2014). Persisting sadness and hopelessness are troubling predictors of clinical depression, which is significantly linked to suicidal behavior” (Henderson & Thompson, 2011 p. 646).
Depression can affect anyone. However, depression affects girls more than boys. In addition, the female preponderance in depression rates adolescence (e.g., Hankin et al., 1998). Further, there is ambiguity
…show more content…
They range from mild to severe. Normal depression can occur with everyone. This depression can be due to certain situations, circumstances or setbacks. Chronic depression is associated with sadness. This depression may also occur due to certain situations or for no reason. Crisis depression can occur due to a certain event. This depression can affect a person’s life in certain ways. The last depression is clinical. Clinical depression is severe, in most cases. This depression impairs the person’s psychosocially. It can also lead the person to have suicidal …show more content…
Due to the stigma of depression, people fear or are uncomfortable with that diagnosis. “Diagnosis is an evaluation process which involves the comparison of an individual 's symptoms with prespecified criteria for one or more disorders. The outcome of this process typically is whether or not an individual meets the classification criteria. In most cases a decision is made based on the symptoms presented as well as those not in evidence. Diagnosis may also be viewed as a type of measurement. Thus, measurement error, or reliability, is an important consideration when we make a diagnosis.”( Reynolds, 1990, p.1)
There are also assessments that screen for depression. According to Henderson (2011) “Some assessment instruments help screen for symptoms of depression. The Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (Reynolds, 1987) and the Reynolds Child Depression Scale (Reynolds, 1989) are self-report measures that are both easy to administer and to take. The Beck Depression Inventory (Beck & Steer, 1993) and the Children’s Depression Inventory (Kovacs, 1985) are two other possibilities” (p. 646). Treatments
Cognitive behavioral

Related Documents