Juvenile Detention Centers: A Literature Review

Superior Essays
Delinquent youth around the country are experiencing difficult obstacles that affect their potential risk of re-offending. Therefore, there are numerous court systems around the country that are placing youth within juvenile detention facilities to attempt to remedy the situation. The hope of this placement is to change the youth’s behavior to enable them to possess all the tools to lead a successful life (Mallett, Fukushuma, Stoddard, & Quinn, 2012). When a youth is placed in a juvenile detention center, there are a number of diverse programs and techniques that will be used to address their unique problems.
Furthermore, it is important to understand what types of programs are used, how effective they are, and whether or not juvenile detention centers justly work to reduce recidivism within the juvenile populous (Baltodano, Platt, & Roberts, 2005). Juvenile detentions centers are not all created equal in regards to size, treatment options, trained staff, etc. There are numerous aspects to keep in mind when reviewing this literature review. This data may not be generalizable to every delinquent youth.
STATISCTIS AND RISK FACTORS In the United States, there are roughly three million youths that are arrested in a single year. Of these three million youths, approximately thirty percent are retained within a detention center. These centers
…show more content…
Also, there were four out of every ten youth that had more than just a minor substance abuse problem. Additionally, three out of four juveniles had an educational disability. Finally, three out of ten had been abuse and/or neglect victims. These numbers are astounding, and they truly show that the juveniles that are in contact with the criminal justice system need help, and some need a tremendous amount of diverse resources to help them turn their lives around (Mallet et al.,

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    In our criminal justice system, juveniles are treated far differently than adults, but many suffer similar issues. Amongst juvenile offenders, there is an overwhelming number of youths who have a mental illness, making it necessary for actions to be taken to help individuals. In the system, mental illnesses must be identified do crucial services can be provided to provide reoffending. Our juvenile justice system needs to identify the needs and concerns of mental illness, address the types that classify, determine the link of this to juvenile offenders, in order to study if they are being provided adequate services, as well as what needs to be improved and changed for the future. In order to address the issue of mental illness in juvenile…

    • 1644 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Merrefield may bring up good points, but he fails to address a huge problem. Where is the line drawn between juvenile and adult sentencing, and what psychological investigation is performed on these “delinquent” teens? The answer to that is unclear, and still is today. Many states have different laws and rules that decide where to set boundaries, and where childhood ends and adult criminal responsibility begins. For a crime like Sean’s, which if you read the article, you would know is not as severe or heinous as many other crimes, 10 years in prison is too much.…

    • 1219 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This growing phenomenon refers to policies and practices that are being used to push students out of the classroom and into the juvenile justice system (ACLU, 2008). This is important to address when discussing police encounters with such juveniles because the pipeline reflects the prioritization of incarceration over education. Sadly, “twenty percent of youth offenders with emotional or behavioral health problems reported that they were arrested while in secondary schools” (Holmquist, 2013, p.3). This highlights the relationship between juveniles with mental and behavioral health issues, and the effects of impractical policies and a failed educational system that fuel the school-to-prison…

    • 708 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    There are alternative forms to incarceration and punishment for juvenile who commits a criminal. Community can help augment alternatives to incarceration. In doing my research I have found several alternatives to incarceration that are used in juvenile courts today. They are Intensive Supervisory Probation and Parole, Home Confinement/Electronic Home Monitoring, and Fine…

    • 825 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Juvenile delinquency can be defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as a violation of the law committed by a juvenile and not punishable by death or life imprisonment. In many states a juvenile is anyone under the age of 18, however there are a few exceptions and often depends on the severity of the crime committed. There are several theories about the root causes of young people committing crime but there isn’t one correct answer. Many factors contribute to juvenile delinquency and can vary from family issues to simply not doing well in school. Juvenile delinquency is rising more and more every year and researchers are avidly trying to find out why.…

    • 1447 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    In lieu of prison, juvenile court judges find other legal options that meet both the safety needs of the public and the treatment needs of the youth. Juveniles are given those considerations because they are seen as mentally or physically incompetent as compare to adults. As a result of their incompetence and immaturity, they cannot be held accountable for their actions in the same way as adults do (Chavez-Garcia, 2012). There has been a number of changes over the past few years. The research conducted by the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on the development of adolescents and the justice for minors has led many States and the courts to see juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice, through a developmental lens.…

    • 2249 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Detention centers in Minnesota and all over the country have are often found to have adverse effects on their clients. Many of the juveniles who are currently in detention centers or similar confines are being held for nonviolent offenses. Juvenile incarceration facilities should only be considered for delinquents who have committed violent or serious offenses. Locking up juveniles appears to be ineffective toward correcting negative behavior as opposed to other means of correctional programs. Detention centers role is temporarily supervising the most-at-risk youth.…

    • 1687 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The greatest concern about juvenile detention centers is whether or not it is creating a culture of violence in which these thousands of children develop. Much of our personal moral template is developed in our adolescent years. If an individual grows up in a culture away from home, where violence is common, that will likely become the only way they know how to live.…

    • 765 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This proves that juveniles don’t fully understand the consequences that they are facing by doing a crime. Many times when they commit a crime they are pressured by someone to commit the crime. Scott, E.S. and Steinberg who are all skilled researches say, “Several studies show that susceptibility to peer influence, especially in situations involving pressure to engage in antisocial behavior, increases between childhood and mid-adolescence, peaks around age fourteen, and declines slowly during the late adolescent years”(Scott, E. S., & Steinberg). This is more proof that youths shouldn’t be tried as adults.…

    • 1592 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Since there are so many more steps and a myriad of processes to go through when a juvenile gets arrested, it is important that officials carefully track all the processes a youth will go through, especially at each major decision point. This is imperative because it is at these major decision spots that racial disparities occur and affect the juvenile. Bishop completed research alongside Charles Frazier and in their piece, Race Effects in Juvenile Justice Decision- Making: Findings of a Statewide Analysis, that when a white youth has certain characteristics they are forty- seven percent more likely to be recommended for processing. These characteristics include a mid- age male teen, who committed a misdemeanor in addition to having already one prior referral for a misdemeanor regarding property. If these same characteristics were applied to a youth with minority background there would be a fifty- four percent chance of a recommendation for formal processing (Bishop and Frazier).…

    • 1544 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays

Related Topics