The Importance Of Deforestation In The Brazilian Amazon

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Forests are essential places for therapeutic plants to develop. In the long run these can be utilized as a part of medicinal research. Forest degradation has enormously reduced the accessibility of therapeutic plant species in the Brazilian Amazon. As of today, 25% of Western pharmaceuticals are derived from rainforest materials, yet just 1% of plants of the Amazon have so far been tried. Currently, over 120 drugs come from plant-derived sources. Of the 3000 plants identified by the US National Cancer Institute as active against cancer cells, 70% come from rainforests. It is important to know that many of the plants that are being affected due to harvesting do not have pharmaceutical alternatives, as of yet (Farnsworth NR, 1985). In Amazonia, …show more content…
The loss of species is permanent, while the level of biodiversity may be re-established after several billions of years, the combinations of genes will be lost forever. At the current rate of deforestation, the size of the Amazon rainforest will have shrunken to just 40% within 20 years. The conservation of biodiversity not just ensures the survival of the region’s forests and rivers; it is in addition fundamental to Latin Americans ' every day lives. A study conducted by the World Bank shows that Latin American governments like Brazil allocate only about 1% of their resources for the environment to protected areas. Despite the fact that Brazil 's downward trend in deforestation has been apparent for quite some time; Over the past nine years, the rate of deforestation has dramatically decreased by 70 percent (Nepstad, D et al., 2009). The government played an essential role by implement policies and enforcement actions and intense efforts are being made to save what is left of the Amazon. In fact, Brazil extended its network of indigenous reserves and secured areas. As of today, Indigenous tribes are in control of 20 percent of the Brazilian Amazon, and an official title has been fortified for their land tenure. Brazil’s success shows that a rapid reduction in deforestation is possible. This can be interpreted as new sign of hope for the future of Brazil’s Amazonian forest and natural healthcare and most importantly indigenous

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