What Is Stretching?

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Muscular injuries are one of the leading injuries faced by amateur and elite athletes today (Dadebo, White, & George, 2004; Mayo, Seijas, & Alvarez, 2014; Woods, Bishop, & Jones, 2007). Before athletes even step on to the field, the court, the stage, or in front of the crowd, they have already been in the game mind set for the last hour going through their pregame routine. Pregame routines vary greatly, but almost all contain some combination of sport appropriate warm-ups and stretches. Warming up is a crucial part of almost all athletes pregame routines. Fans even get to the stadium early to be part of the warm-ups sometimes hours before the game kicks off. While warming up and stretching is an important part of injury prevention, it is largely …show more content…
Two common types of stretching are static and dynamic stretching. Static stretching is the most commonly used form of stretching and is what most people picture when they think of stretching, largely because of its simplicity, therefore it is often used by beginners or unconditioned individuals ( Behm, Blazevich, Kay, & McHugh, 2015; Mascarin, Vancini, Lira, & Andrade, 2015; Pope, Herbert, Kirwan, & Graham, 1999). It uses relatively little energy, results in less muscle soreness than other stretches, it can be done is a small amount of space, and gives one a great deal of control over the joints range of motion (ROM). Static stretching consists of passively stretching a muscle by putting it into a maximum or near maximum stretched position and holding that position for a short time. These stretches are usually performed for at least five repetitions and held for anywhere from several seconds to a minute. Holding thess stretches longer than one minute, may actually reduce muscle performance (Behm et al., 2015; Mascarin et al., 2015;). Static stretching aims to elongate resting sarcomeres length, and in turn improve flexibility. Dynamic stretching, or dynamic range of motion, involves moving the joint continuously through its ROM and increasing the speed of these movements until the speed it the same rate as it would be if actively performing the task in competition or …show more content…
Current research just compares static stretching to non-static stretching in soccer players, handball players, or only a specific sport. It would be interesting to see if there is a significant difference between athletes of different sports since each sport calls for different skills. Much of the research is focused on soccer players and soccer clubs due its its global reach and popularity, followed by a significant amount of research on track and field sports. By comparing different sports, we would be able to see if different muscle groups perform differently, and how fast verses slow twitch muscles compare. Studies need to be done on sports that are less contact and ball oriented such as swimming and dancing. By studying this more we could develop better designed warm-up procedures for elite athletes and amateur

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