The Importance Of Concussions In Children And Diolescents

1793 Words 8 Pages
Children are active, curious beings and as they develop and grow they find ways to become more active through recreational activities and sports. Through the years, the intensity and aggression within sports have increased, leading to more recreational and sports related injuries. During the last ten years, emergency department visits for concussions and mild traumatic brain injuries in children and adolescents have increased (Graham et al., 2013). This increase has led to approximately 144,000 or more visits, made by children and adolescents, to the emergency department annually (Meehan & Mannix, 2010). In addition, post-concussion recovery is poorly understood and children and adolescents may be more vulnerable to concussion effects and …show more content…
Moreover, there is a lack of research in children and adolescents on the overall incidence of injury, management of symptoms, including changes in brain function and cognitive behaviors, and treatment after sustaining such injuries. Where the research seems to differ, is the diagnosis, treatment, and management of symptoms. This includes patient report of signs and symptoms instead of objective markers to diagnose concussions, amount of physical rest needed to encourage recovery, and the best treatment approach on returning children and adolescents back to their previous state of health and function (Graham et al., 2013). To close the data gaps within the research, the Institute of Medicine has called on the CDC to implement a national surveillance system on the incidence of concussions in youth ages 5-21. The surveillance system will gather data on demographics, history of concussion, signs and symptoms observed, whether protective equipment was utilized, impact location on the body, nature of the impact on how the concussion was sustained, sport or activity in which the injury occurred, level of competition, and the cause and extent of the injury (Graham …show more content…
She developed a patient-centered approach to nursing from her practice which she created to assist in the education of nurses (McEwen & Wills, 2014). Her intention for the model was to guide nursing care of those in the hospital, however, it has many aspects that can be applied to nursing care in community settings. In the early works of her model, there were no openly stated assumptions, however, she added 6 assumptions to the later works of the model. The assumptions are related to fluctuations and possible changes that affect nursing. The changes include: the need to appreciate interconnectedness of social enterprises and social problems; the impact of problems such as poverty, racism, pollution, and education on health and health care delivery; changing nursing education; continuing education for professional nurses; and development of nursing leaders from underserved groups (McEwen & Wills, 2014). Moreover, Abdellah and colleagues constructed a patient-centered approach to care with the creation of 21 nursing problems, 10 steps to identify the nursing problem and 10 nursing interventions that coincided with the steps of identification. The outcome would be the categorization of a patient’s health issue into a nursing problem and creation and implementation of a proper

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