The Importance Of Community Psychology

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Register to read the introduction… This is an area where the deficits-based approach doesn’t appear to have a logical, productive place, unlike the deficits-based approaches contained in the previous two content domains. The deficits-based approach to community psychology would look to ignore the social environment’s role in causing problems, and seeks to blame the victim for anything that has gone wrong (2004). This is in direct opposition to the strengths-based approach which seeks to change the environments to provide more positive ancillary support for the persons contained in it, while also empowering groups lacking power within it (2004). An impoverished, high-crime neighborhood provides a good example to show the contrast the two approaches: A deficits-based approach would look at the homeless citizens of the neighborhood who are substance with the mentality that they should just quit using drugs and go find a job, where a strengths-based approach would examine the reasons for the homeless persons situation, recognizing that poverty is a factor that affects both physical and psychological …show more content…
Adversities can be an important influence for increasing the probability of behavior problems developing in the future, as was demonstrated by the National Study of America’s Families (NASF). NASF was a wide-reaching study which explored adversities encountered by over 40,000 American families—specifically examining the economic, health, and social well-being of these families(Sandler, et al. 2004). The risk factors (variables which increase the probability of a negative outcome) that were analyzed by the NASF were broken down into four categories: poor parent mental health, poor parent physical health, family poverty (that is—below the national poverty level), and the status of being a single parent (2004). The protective factors (variables which increase the probability for a positive outcome) outlined in the study were: high levels of participation in extracurricular activity, and positive school engagement …show more content…
For example, examining the data we can see that a child with an age range of 6 to 11 with four risk factors present and zero strengths, the probability of developing a problem was 52%. However, within the same age range, a child with the same risk factors and one strength (positive school engagement) present, the probability for developing a problem drops to 16%. Within the same 6-11 year old group with four risk factors, when both strengths are present the probability for problems drops slightly more to

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