The Importance Of Civilization

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Is civilization an effective organizational tool for studying history?
Civilization is great at describing many cases throughout more recent history. However, due to the limited concrete information we have on early societies and peoples the term "civilization" is constantly changing and evolving and therefore inadequate to describe earlier civilizations. The definition of a civilization most basically is "the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced." Ok, then according to this definition an early Neolithic group whose now primal seeming organization was the most advanced of the time would be categorized with a modern civilization such as the Western civilization. However, I did some research and
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Location was the most important factor in determining a society’s success. Primeval societies were usually based on mainly on environmental characteristics - most importantly water. A civilization’s distance from a water source decided whether or not it would survive. Water provided a new food source (fishing), improved plant growth, temperate weather conditions and, later, trade avenues. It was because of all these benefits that many early civilization were drawn to locations with an abundant supply of water. Abundances and scarcities of resources also played a major role in the formation of culture. Civilizations with ideal physical conditions were obviously immediately better off than those who had to change to natural environment to make it fit their …show more content…
Previously, in hunter-gatherer societies women were seen as equals to men as they too provided an important food source (through gathering). However, the creation of sedentary civilizations lead to the modern social construct of basic mental congenital gender differences. Because the rise in surpluses, people began to have more children. In nomadic hunter-gatherer societies women do not have as many children for two reasons. One, a food source and stable living conditions weren 't always reliable and taking care of children while constantly traveling was difficult (more mouths to feed yet they don’t contribute to the collecting of food). Also, women’s role as gatherers was incredibly important. If no game was brought home, they were relied on to survive, having children would make it more difficult to do their job. Because of these reasons, women often had few children and spaced them farther apart so they didn 't have to deal with so many mouths to feed at once. Now that in sedentary civilizations food collection took primarily physical strength and people felt comfortable to have more children it made sense to have women stay home to take care of their offspring. However, although the transition took place thousands of years ago, it has lead to modern gender discrimination. Also, a social hierarchy began to form. Rather than everyone working together towards a common goal with the same resources in hunter-gatherer nomadism,

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