The Importance Of Catholic Loyalty
I do agree that the question of Catholic loyalty to the state was the key question in Ireland in the 1750s and 1760s. This had been an issue for some time, but now it seemed that the avenues to change had been opened. In 1756 Britain went to war with France and what was to be the Seven Years’ War gave rise to a pressing need for troops. Many leading Catholics saw this as an opportunity to negotiate the repeal of the Penal Laws. The first formal steps on both sides were at last made towards an agreement with regard to Catholic recruitment into the army and a way for them to prove their loyalty to the Hanoverian state without having to deny their own faith.
It had long …show more content…
Given that Whiteboy risings had just broken out in Munster, the church authorities had little choice if they wished to appear at all loyal to the Hanoverian state. The fast was generally observed by Catholics but the bishops felt obliged to make some alterations to what was to be read out at Mass . The final version that greeted the laity reminded them that it was not during George’s reign that the Penal Laws were enacted and encouraged them to be “loyal and dutiful” subjects. As Wall points out, the suggested prayers that “a solid, lasting, and advantageous peace may restrain the effusion of christian blood” did not specifically refer to a British victory and therefore the continental Catholic powers could not take offence . Unlike Archbishop Lincoln’s pastoral of 1757, this exhortation did ask for prayers for George III by name . Support for James Stuart had declined even further by this time and in 1760 the pope had omitted his name from briefs of appointment to Irish sees, so this now seemed a safe thing to …show more content…
‘The Origins and Progress of the Catholic Question in Ireland, 1690-1800’. In Endurance and Emergence: Catholics in Ireland in the Eighteenth Century, edited by T.P. Power and Kevin Whelan, pp 1-19. Dublin, 1990.
Fagan, Patrick. Divided Loyalties: The Question of an Oath for Irish Catholics in the Eighteenth Century. Dublin, 1997.
Public Record Office, London, SP 63/421/79, 81-2.
Public Record Office, London, SP 63/421/83.
Wall, Maureen. ‘The Rise of a Catholic Middle Class in Eighteenth Century Ireland’. In Catholic Ireland in the Eighteenth Century: Collected Essays of Maureen Wall, edited by Gerard O’Brien, pp 73-84. Dublin, 1989.
Wall, Maureen. ‘The Position of Catholics in mid-Eighteenth Century Ireland’. In Catholic Ireland in the Eighteenth Century: Collected Essays of Maureen Wall, edited by Gerard O’Brien, pp 93-101. Dublin, 1989.
Wall, Maureen. ‘Catholic Loyalty to King and Pope in Eighteenth Century Ireland’. In Catholic Ireland in the Eighteenth Century: Collected Essays of Maureen Wall, edited by Gerard O’Brien, pp 107-114. Dublin,