The Importance Of Cancer

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Cancer is becoming a second leading cause of death in our society. The expenses for diagnosis and treatment are overwhelming. People may deal with various challenges like; physical, social, emotional and spiritual. “Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body” (What is cancer, 2014). “Cancer is associated with the alteration expression of cellular genes that normally regulate proliferation and differentiation” (Copstead & Banasik, 2013). Abnormal cells are called termed, malignant or tumor cell. Many abnormal cells that create cancer tissue are also known by name of the tissue that originates from, for example breast, colon, and lung etc. Absolute diagnosis for cancer needs positive cytological findings. There are …show more content…
Lab test for example; blood, urine and other body fluids help doctors make diagnosis. In women Pap (Papanicolaou) test is done to detect cervical cancer. In men, Prostate- specific antigen (PSA) levels in blood are to detect prostate cancer. It is important tools but cannot rely on them alone to diagnose cancer.
Imaging procedures: It helps doctor to see tumor present inside the body. It can be done in several ways example; CT (computed tomography) scan, Nuclear scan, Ultrasound, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), X-rays, PET (positron emission tomography) scan etc. In women, Mammogram is done to detect breast cancer. Sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, computed tomography are use to detect colon cancer.
Biopsy: Not all lumps are cancer. During physical examination if an individual has lump and doctor are not sure if it is cancer, small piece of tissue sample is to be removed. The procedure that removes pieces of lump for testing is called biopsy. Experts then looks at the tissue samples under microscope to see if it is cancer. In some cases, cells’ protein, DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid) is used to find out if there is cancer cell. Sample can be removed in several ways by using needle, endoscope and surgery. Test results are important to choose best treatment options.
Staging of
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Pain can be triggered by cancer itself or by cancer treatment. As the tumor grows, it spread into the surrounding tissues and put pressure on nerve. “According to National Comprehensive Cancer Network, pain falls into 3 categories; Visceral pain (caused by damaged organ tissue), Somatic pain (affecting a specific area of the muscle, bone or skin) and Neuropathic pain (caused by injury to the central nervous system)” (Cancer Complication, n.d.). Before cancer treatment it is essential to know what kind of pain is present. After pinpointing the source, remove the source of pain. Medicine and different approaches (surgery, chemotherapy, radiation etc.) can be used to treat cancer related pain effectively. To manage pain, health provider may recommend a course of treatment, which includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioid. Adequate pain control is important in every day people’s

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