The Importance Of Bonobo Habits

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Register to read the introduction… The habitat is defined by the Congo River to the north and west, the Lualaba River on the east, and the Kasai and Sankuru Rivers to the south. It is known that bonobos tend to occupy secondary and inundated forests in addition to forest-savannah composites in the southern area of their known range (Nackoney, 2014). According to the article by Hickey, bonobos live in areas away from high human activity and avoid forest fragmentation. This indicates that humans have an impact on the habitat of bonobos and can reduce that habitat by invading the forest. In the DRC, Hickey reports an increasingly rapid population growth of 2.6% to 3.2% which causes increased deforestation and invasion of bonobo habitat as the human population expands land usage to accommodate for the increased …show more content…
al., 2013). Meaning that although other factors impact where the bonobos are located, humans have the heaviest and most widespread impact through multiple methods including but not limited to; poaching, deforestation, forest fragmentation, and effects of civil unrest. In Hickey’s report, the final model predicted threats are a better predictor of suitability for bonobos than either ecosystemical or environmental factors. A very large issue is bushmeat hunting of all the great apes. Bonobos are hunted for several reasons such as food or income. This hunting experienced a rise during the wars in the DRC. The wars increased the levels of poverty and citizens were forced to hunt animals for food because the agriculture sector in the collapse of transportation access to markets (Hickey et. al., 2013). However, there are taboos against eating bonobos in certain communities that protect the bonobos from local people but there is no guarantee against hunters from outside the community (Hickey et. al., 2013). Also these taboos can change or be eliminated as populations move and values change with new immigrants (Hickey et. al., 2013). With increasing outside influence and cross-cultural activity, this taboo has waned and is a testament to the effects of war and civil unrest in the DRC (Nackoney et. al.,

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