The Importance Of Biodiversity Of The Polynesia-Micronesia Hotspot

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In the modern world, global warming, poverty, and hunger are some of the most common problems that are worried for, but there is another global problem that is often neglected. Species are dying, which in turn causes the loss of biodiversity. In order to have a sustainable environment, there needs to be an increase in biodiversity. Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth. The number of species of plants and animals are both part of the biological diversity of the Polynesia-Micronesia hotspot. The loss of biodiversity in this hotspot damages crucial services provided by nature. A biodiversity hotspot is a region with a significant amount of organisms that are threatened by humans. The Polynesia-Micronesia hotspot …show more content…
Humans have altered the environment and changed the territory. This exploits the species of that area directly. As a result of the isolation and small size of the island, the ecosystems of the Polynesia-Micronesia hotspots are exceedingly vulnerable to habitat degradation. Due to the threats, species in this hotspot are some of the most endangered in the world and species extinction rates are high, especially for birds and mammals (McGinley, 2011). Humans use animals for food, medicine, building materials, and ornamentation. They have converted land for agriculture and hunted many birds and reptiles to extinction. The fossil record for the hotspot reveals that as many as 2,000 bird species have disappeared since humans colonized the islands (McGinley, 2011). The combined effects of agriculture, logging, and development have left only a small percent of the area’s original land for vegetation and has decreased the …show more content…
One of which is the aesthetics it provides. Saving wildlife and other species protects the beauty of nature. Tourist towns and resorts depend on the natural beauty to attract visitors. Natural beauty also attracts people to an area and can impact their decision of where to move. Ecotourism caters to bird watchers, wildlife lovers, and kayakers. Ecotourism brings in money and brings in a relatively sustainable alternative for people who once viewed wild species as competition for food and space (Chiras, 2016). The problem with ecotourism is that it may bring in too many people to ecologically sensitive

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