The Importance Of Behavioral Models In Public Health

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In public health, a variety of different models are used to assess specific concerns on a variety of different intervention levels. In using these models, programs and interventions can be developed and implemented as a means of determining the most equitable route towards prevention or at least towards a reduction in the hazards relating to the public health concern in question. One of the models that has been used to classify and assess such concerns is the socio-ecological model. The socio-ecological model depicts four or five levels of influence that vary depending upon the organization the model is taken from. In many recent publications, health and behavioral influences are divided amongst the individual, interpersonal, organizational, community and societal levels. Furthermore, this model suggests that actions must take place on all levels simultaneously in order for the most sustainable outcomes to occur (CDC, 2015). For example, the Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) campaign targeted …show more content…
As is shown in Figure 1, Healthy People 2020 identifies the social determinants of health as being related to an individual’s neighborhood, access to health care, economic stability, education and social and community context (HHS, 2010). As has been found in many interventions, education and access are two strong predictors of health. That being said, each of these determinants can have either a negative or positive effect on the health outcomes of the individual and those that they interact with. Therefore, in communities with lower levels of access, poorer health outcomes and an increased prevalence of risk factors are expected. In having this knowledge of health inequities, the determination of the appropriate target populations and the use of the socio-ecological model to demonstrate a program’s potential benefits can be further

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