The Importance Of An Intervention For The Elderly On The Basis Of Self Regulation
Gallois, Buck, Dreas, Hassel and Zeeb (2012) carried out a quasi-experimental study for descriptive, explanatory and evaluative purposes to examine the effectiveness of an intervention named ”OPTIMAHL 60plus” that contains counseling aids for the elderly on the basis of self-regulation. Four hypotheses proposed by the authors, corresponding to four different aspects: fruit and vegetables (FV), dairy products (D), fish (F), and physical activities (PA), was that the intervention would improve old people’s consumption or performance in one or more aspects.
In this study, participants ' recruitment process consists of several steps. First, researchers chose 29 areas in low socio-economic status via an existing social index. Next, within these districts, the researchers visited certain places through community partners for obtaining participants “with or without migration background” (Gallois, Buck, Dreas, Hassel & Zeeb, 2012). In fact, nearly one-third of participants was reached through media. Eventually, a screen for eligible determination purpose followed participants’ confirmation concerning their free will.
When recruitment stage, participants were assigned into experimental groups and comparative groups based on areas. The entire 3-month intervention consisted of seven one-hour weekly meetings with each holding 6 to 10 people, which took place in reachable places in each district. In each session, all the participants in experimental groups discussed counseling…