The Importance Of Abortion In The United States

1098 Words 4 Pages
Each year, millions people from all over the world fight for women’s rights of suffrage, equal employment, education, human rights and reproductive rights. The reproductive rights have a significant influence in women’s rights, especially in the United States. In the history of the United States, since eighteenth century the reproductive rights movement has been struggling because of its moral consideration, especially abortion. When abortion was a crime, the maternal deaths were high for women who resort to illegal abortions (Pollitt, 1997, p.112). Although the United States has been legalized abortion in the American contemporary history, the debate of health care coverage for abortion shapes the directions of social welfare reform. The Hyde …show more content…
Moreover, with the influence of the Hyde Amendment state legislatures approved many restrictions of abortion procedures including “mandatory waiting periods, parental notice and consent requirements, counseling requirements, and bans on partial birth abortions” (Barusch, 2014, p.389). These restrictions create unacceptable barriers to women’s access to their reproductive related services, particular many vulnerable women including adolescent women, low-income women, and women of color. According the Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, “repressive abortion policy creates serious undue burdens for women in these groups by limiting physical access to the services, by making the costs of services prohibitive, and by creating a social stigma surrounding abortion that challenges the self-trust and overall trust that women must have to confidently exercise sound reproductive choices” (Ely & Dulmus, 2010, p.660). This shows that abortion policy creates social and economic discrimination against those vulnerable women by forcing them to keep unwanted pregnancies or childbearing. As a result, the vulnerable women are in the risk of unsafe and illegal abortion, which leads the negative effects on their reproductive health. Some women are forced to raise the unwanted child, …show more content…
Bush in 2003, and it restricted women’s rights to choose certain types of abortions with no health exception, and it makes it as the crime for the doctor who perform partial-birth abortion (Gordon, 2004, p. 501). It promoted the idea that the fetal life overweighs women’s rights, and it has the hidden purpose to make abortion “commercial” (Pushaw, 2005). This abortion law also limits women’s access to get legal abortion. Moreover, many mothers were convicted as homicides under the Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2004. To analyze the hidden meaning from this bill, Eleanor Smeal, president of the Feminist Majority, states that “…this legislation had nothing to do with protecting pregnant women, and everything to do with restricting women’s rights. This is all part of attempt by the right wing to stop women’s advancements” (United States: legal rights for zygotes, 2004). The purpose of limiting access of abortion for women is to enhance men’s privilege by creating economic discrimination against women. Although 17 states legislations provide public funding for abortion care converge now, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) 2010 expands the Hyde Amendment to restrict coverage for abortions cannot use federal (Salganicoff, 2014). The ACA 2010 excludes women’s reproductive rights to have the equal access for the affable reproductive choice by creating economic

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