Autism Spectrum Disorders

Great Essays
Abstract
This paper mainly focuses on an autistic people and their major impacts on their health, wellness, and even affects the community as a whole. Also, cultural, diversity, and spiritual considerations are affected when having this disability. A teaching plan containing recommendations or tips support autistic people and give them a chance to effectively improve their communication and interactions with others. Keywords: autism challenges, communication

Autism, formerly called autism spectrum disorder, is a serious developmental disorder that typically appears during childhood that impairs a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others. In March 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued their
…show more content…
These include: sensory problems, mental retardation, seizures, fragile x syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis. Their sensory problems occur with the pain or even painfully sensitive to the five senses of sound, smell, taste, and feel. “Some children find the feel of clothes touching their skin almost unbearable. Some sounds such as a vacuum cleaner, a ringing telephone, a sudden storm, even the sound of waves lapping the shoreline,” will cause these children to cover their ears and scream (“What Kinds of Health Problems Do Children With Autism Have?”). Children with autism suffer from some kind of mental dysfunction; for example, a child who takes a test may excel on a portion but do poorly on the language portion. Autistic children also suffer from having seizures where they may even have “blackouts” or sudden loss of consciousness that are affected from the abnormal electrical impulses from the brain, which also cause them to have body spasms. Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited type of mental abnormality that occurs within autistic children, where a part of their X chromosome is defective. Finally, tuberous sclerosis is a type of tumor that grow over time in parts of autistic people’s brain or within their organs ("What Kinds of Health Problems Do Children With Autism Have?"). All of these health problems occur within an autistic person’s life, which in turn has …show more content…
Religion, spirituality and culture are important influences on health beliefs and behaviors, which leads to implications on the health communication area. Religious, spiritual beliefs and cultural perspective also play important roles in how individuals interpret and explain disability, such as in understanding the autism condition. In a culture like Indonesia, where Islam is the religion, Muslim families tend to have strong family ties and values. Therefore, a study was made to find out about whether and how religious beliefs change parents’ understanding of how to raise a special needs child. Data were drawn from interviews with 5 Muslim parents who have autistic children. Results indicate that religion helps them to accept and understand the condition of their children, and affect their childrearing goals to make the children live independently and find the children’s best potential. Religious perspective also brought them to find an alternative medicine and holistic treatment in order to seek progress for their autistic children (Bolte & Westerwald, 2011, 66-72). A teaching plan to help the developmental process of an autistic child requires the support of our community, family, and spiritual

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Autism effects a child’s learning and developmental skills. Children with autism tend to have a risk factor for development of self-injuries behaviors (Journal 2, 2013). Children with autism do not understand other people’s emotions. They may also end up getting bullied as they get older because they have a difficult time speaking up for themselves. Research was conducted and concluded that families of children with autism correlates with parents having high levels of stress and negative parenting styles (Journal 11, 2010).…

    • 1875 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Autism Case Studies

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Primary Dx: Autism Autism is a developmental disorder that makes it difficult for individuals to communicate as well as form relationships with people. People diagnosed with autism are characterized by the impairment to form normal social relationships and by stereotyped behavior patterns. In autism different areas of the brain fail to work together. Autism is the general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. Cause: Some of the believed causes of an individual developing autism is having a family history, environment of child surroundings and caused by other medical problems.…

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Autism is a developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact with other people (“Autism,” 2016). The DSM-5 defines autism as a heterogeneous condition with a person who experiences persistent difficulties with social interaction, in a range of contexts, and shows restricted, repetitive behaviors (Hall, Wright, & Mills, 2016). Autism can be associated with a variety of issues such as intellectual disabilities, difficulties in motor coordination, and sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. However, some people with autism may excel in visual skills, music, math and art (Age, n.d.) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has estimated that about 1 in 68 children in the United States have autism (known as autism…

    • 1020 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    ADD/ADHD Medication Side Effects in Children Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a condition that causes an individual to have a short attention span, not be able to manage their behavior properly, and creates impulsiveness. People of all ages can have this disorder, but often times the ones who struggle most are children. Because of this condition, children may need to take medication in order to keep their behavior under control and manage their attention. Being on a drug at a young age can be a struggle for many children in numerous aspects. Although a young child is challenged without being on medication, the side effects they face from taking it still creates other challenges for them.…

    • 1054 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or better known as ADHD is a very common disease involving a person to be inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive. People that deal with these symptoms does not mean they automatically have ADHD. People that get diagnosed most likely will experience these symptoms more frequently and it will negatively affect their everyday life. People dealing with this disease will generally miss small details, have trouble staying still, or being quiet. About 9% of kids born in the United States between the ages of 3-17 deal with ADHD, while it is around 4.4% of American adults.…

    • 1361 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that limits social and communicative abilities. Autism is becoming more prevalent in our society. More and more children are being diagnosed with the disorder and there have been conflicting views on the actual causes of the disorder. Autism has gained national awareness and with this awareness, there is research being done to improve the lives of the people that live this disorder. Autistic disorder, sometimes called autism or classical ASD, is the most severe form of ASD, while other conditions along the spectrum include a milder form known as Asperger syndrome.…

    • 2047 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. The symptoms are present from early childhood and affect daily functioning. In this paper, we will discuss the definition, possible causes, characteristics, intervention techniques, teaching strategies and accommodations, and services available. Definition of Autism In 1990, Autism became a separate category under the IDEA. The federal definition of autism is (Hunt & Marshall, p. 301): Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3 that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.…

    • 1927 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    (Hollister,E,2012). Treatment for the lifelong autistic symptoms lies generally in therapy and continuous routine. A further point to be made in the treatment of autism, according to Eric Scholper is how the parents choose to treat the ASD. They are usually under a great amount of pressure. (Scholper,E (1996).…

    • 1467 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    I decided to agree with reporter Ruth Padawer because she describes how behavior analysis (A.B.A) has seemingly "cured" some children of autism. Ruth Padawer did some interviews with the parents, profiles these children, showcasing their individual response to therapeutic programs. Ruth Padawer wrote her statement from "The Kids who Beat Autism", reading about the kids that beat autism is amazing and very touching. She covers different stories on each child that is fighting with autism, looking into parents perspective and explaining the research behind Autism. The issue today is should we try to cure autism, yes I do believe it is possible to cure Autism because there are kids who beat autism in today world.…

    • 888 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    These mainly include social communicative problems and specific and or repetitive behavior ("Autism Fact Sheet: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)," n.d.). Repetitive patterns in daily life, echolalia, and abnormal use of the senses are also common, though the intensity varies greatly. Symptoms of autistic spectrum disorder are usually first observed in childhood. Some of the first things parents may notice from a child with ASD are problems focusing and maintaining eye contact, their tendency to play alone, tantrums when unable to express something, an aversion to affection (particularly hugging and cuddling), making up their own vocabulary, trouble adapting to new routines, and sensitivity to sounds and scents ("CDC | Facts | Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) | NCBDDD," n.d.). Difficulty breaking routine, a preference to specific foods, speaking in a sing song voice, and hyperlexia (when someone is able to read at an early age without understanding its meaning) are also relatively common symptoms of children with ASD ("Autism - Autism Spectrum Disorders," n.d.).…

    • 842 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics