The Implications Of Genetic Engineering

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Genetic Engineering Research Paper “I believe we have been given the capacity and will to pursue this research- and humanity and conscience to do so responsibly” (Obama). This is Barack Obama giving a speech to defend his choice to lift the band on stem cell research and the federal funding of it. Stem cell research is very common in today’s world and has helped lead to human genetic engineering and designer babies. "Genetic engineering is the alteration of genetic material in living things with the aim of producing new substances, or creating new functions" ("Genetic Engineering). The father of genetic engineering is Paul Berg who was able to surpass all the obstacles and create the basis of the technique. The research that has been done …show more content…
But the problem can be controlled by avoiding phenylalanine in food" by the mother ("Genetic Diseases"). If they had never got the screening done, they could be doing damage to their child without knowing. A huge reason this screening is so important is because many diseases can come about even if the parents are not displaying it. If the disease only requires one parent to carry a damaged gene then the parents might not even know it is coming. One parent might have it in their genes from his or her parent, but it may not affect them. This is the case with Huntington 's Disease, it is a fatal disease that at first causes confusion and muscle weakness for a long time. This is similar to sickle cell disease because a person only needs to inherit one faulty gene to get this; however, the person may only have a few symptoms, where if both are inherited it causes early death. These tests are so revolutionary because they "can identify a disease in someone showing symptoms. It can identify a disease tendency in someone without symptoms" ("Genetic Diseases"). Once people know that they or their children …show more content…
The term is not used by the Doctors, because many parents find it offensive, but “the term designer babies was added to the Oxford Dictionary in 2004" (Lerner). IVF comes after the embryo is created in the lab with the desired genes. Louis Brown was the first IVF baby to be born, he is also known as the first "test tube baby." The designer babies are not usually the ones engineered to not get disease, but the ones engineered to be a girl and have blue eyes. Genetic engineering is not only used in humans though, it is also used to produce medicine and in agriculture. Before this process was developed, the only source for insulin was from animals slaughtered for meat and there was never enough to supply all the diabetics. In the year "1982, however, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved insulin produced by genetically altered organisms" ("Genetic Engineering"). This has greatly influenced many lives along with the other helpful drugs now available in these quantities. With agriculture the scientists were able to develop plants that are resistant to certain bacteria and pests. Although this has really helped farmers, many of the public fear the safety of the new plants. Where science has gone has allowed for scientists to be able to insert almost any trait into the embryos before IVF. We even have the technology

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