Essay on The Implementation Of Inclusive Education

1341 Words Feb 16th, 2015 6 Pages
Introduction

Indonesia implemented the inclusive education framework in 2003 by issuing the national educational law No. 20 and followed by the Ministry of Educational and Culture law No. 70 in 2009 that mainstream high schools in every district and mainstream primary and secondary schools in every sub-district should be accessible for students with disability. Hence, the government endeavors to provide wider education accessibility for all children from any background and needs. There are many benefit of inclusive education identified in the research literature. For instance, Wang and Baker (1994-1995 cited in Katz & Mirenda 2002) conclude that mainstream schools can support students with disabilities and help them attain a positive attitude and effective learning. However, the implementation of inclusive education includes barriers, such as negative perception about disabilities, teacher’s insufficient knowledge and professionalism and a low budget (Cologon, 2013). A study conducted by Pijl and Meijer (1997, Srivastava et.al, 2013) found three main factors of an effective inclusive education; external, school, and teachers which should be maintain and improved to support the inclusive education core. Therefore, the educator’s competency is one aspect that determines the effectiveness of inclusive education. An incapable educator will influence an inadequate educational process. This essay will describe the competency which needs to be expertise by the teacher in the…

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