The Impacts Of Upton Sinclair's Modern Media Campaign

1821 Words 8 Pages
Register to read the introduction… He was a famous writer and activist, but he was also a socialist who happened to be California’s first celebrity politician. It gave birth to smear politics on a grand scale. Sinclair easily gained the Democratic primary for governor, after which the L. A. Times criticized his “maggot-like horde” of supporters (Huffington Post, 2008), while others warned that if elected, the state would become communist. This realization ignited an all-out political revolution. With help from Hollywood and the papers, Sinclair’s opposition practically invented the modern media campaign. They made unparalleled use of mail, radio, film, fund raising and opinion polls to create the most astounding smear campaign ever seen. The best was the new ability to manipulate film, using fake newsreels with Hollywood actors to destroy Sinclair’s candidacy. The L.A. Times had attacked Sinclair unmercifully for weeks, which ultimately destroyed his chances. President Roosevelt couldn’t do anything to help him as he was barely into his New Deal and was struggling himself. He couldn’t endorse him, because he would be seen as endorsing socialism, but on the same token, if he didn’t endorse him, others would call him cowardly for not endorsing a candidate of his party. With FDR’s refusal to endorse him, and the fake newsreels hit the big screen, current Governor Merriam won his …show more content…
United States Executive Order 9066 was issued by FDR which allowed the Secretary of War to create military zones. What this did was allowed for the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps. Under the guise of “Foreign Enemy Ancestry”, about 120,000 Japanese Americans were held for the duration of the war in southern Arizona. Although Japanese Americans were highly targeted due to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, German and Italian Americans were also targets. According to then California Attorney General Earl Warren, “When we are dealing with the Caucasian race we have methods that will test the loyalty of them. But when we deal with the Japanese, we are on an entirely different field.” (Oxford Journals, 2004) this internment was very popular among the white farmers who resented Japanese-American farmers. They saw this internment as an easy way of getting rid of their Japanese competition. The thought behind the internment program was to link Japanese Americans with espionage and ultimately to Pearl Harbor. In 1944, the Supreme Court upheld to constitutionality of this exclusion order, but in 1988, President Reagan signed legislation that apologized for this internment on behalf of the U. S. Government. This legislation stated that these actions were based on “race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership.” The U.S. Government eventually dispersed $1.6 billion in reparations to the families and their heirs who were interned in the camps. California was overrun by Japanese immigrants, and this new order allowed them to be rid of them, at least for a while. Nearly 90% of all Japanese Americans settled in California, which helped fuel the anti-Japanese sentiment. It’s terribly unfortunate that of 127,000 Japanese Americans living in the U. S. at the time of the Pearl Harbor attack, 110,000 lived on the west coast, and were targeted by

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