The Impacts Of The Homeland Security Act Of 2001

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Immediately after the September 11, 2001 attacks, President George Bush was able to push one of the most controversial acts through Congress. This act is called the U.S.A. P.A.T.R.I.O.T Act; which stands for “Uniting and Strengthening American by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism.” This act focused on giving “...federal officials greater authority to track and intercept communications, both for law enforcement and foreign intelligence-gathering purposes...” (Oliver, 2007, p. 68). Of course, a major concern then (and to this day) is that it impedes on civil liberties. Which brings up the question, how much civil liberty are you willing to give up for security?
The most controversial title of the Patriot
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After the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, President George Bush was able to push acts through Congress to help better protect our country. One of these acts was the Homeland Security Act of 2002. This act had a major impact on the homeland security field.

Prior to this act, departments that handled bits and pieces of homeland security were spread across the government; there was not one department dedicated to homeland security. What the United States needed was “...a strong administrative structure for managing consolidated programs concerned with border security and effective response to domestic terrorism incidents...” (Oliver, 2007, p. 73). Thus, the Department of Homeland Security was created.
This act not only created the Department of Homeland Security, but it also set for their responsibilities. Under this act, Department of Homeland Security’s responsibilities include “...preventing terrorist attacks within the United States, reducing the vulnerability of the U.S. to terrorism at home, and minimizing the damage and assisting in the recovery from any attacks that may occur...” (Oliver, 2007, p.

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