The Impact of Using Technology on Students’ Achievement, Attitude, and Anxiety in Mathematics

8737 Words Dec 30th, 2011 35 Pages
THE IMPACT OF USING TECHNOLOGY ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT, ATTITUDE, AND ANXIETY IN MATHEMATICS
Maxima J. Acelajado, Ph.D. De La Salle University Manila, Philippines e-mail: acelajadom@dlsu.edu.ph
ABSTRACT This was an experimental study designed to determine the effects of using technology, specifically graphing calculators, on students’ achievement in College Algebra, attitude, and anxiety in mathematics. The respondents of the study belonged to two intact classes consisting of 66 freshman students from the College of Science, De La Salle University, Manila, who were enrolled in College Algebra during the first term, schoolyear 2002-2003. For purposes of this study, three groups were formed, each with 22 students – the high ability group
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So when should the teacher use technology in the classroom? Or perhaps the more important question is: Why use technology? For one, technological gadgets, like a graphing calculator for instance, cut on time that in another instance will be used for paper-and-pencil drill. Thus, there is more time for explorations, analysis, and understanding of concepts. More conservative schools of thought frown upon the use of calculators. They argue that technological gadgets, like the calculator, unconsciously force students into technology dependence. On the other hand, there are those who believe that calculators can provide mind-expanding support which students need to investigate numerical relationships. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES In 1978, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) openly encouraged the use of calculators in the classroom as an instructional aid and computational tool. The introduction of calculators gave mathematics educators new opportunities to help their students solve mathematical problems. Several professional conferences were held to discuss and justify the effectiveness of the calculator as a teaching and learning aid. In 1980, the NCTM Board of Directors fully supported the use of calculators in all grade levels. Over 200 researchers in the past 20 years have found the use of calculators as a powerful teaching and learning tool at all levels of mathematics instruction. Several studies on the use of

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