The Impact Of The Industrial Revolution In The 19th Century

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The industrial revolution in the 19th century marks a major turning point in the American history and affected the daily life of American people in almost every aspect. One of them was change in the transportation routes and means that dramatically improved national mobility. New and improved transportation technology made it easier, cheaper, and quicker to transport the raw materials and finished products across America thanks to first national roads, innovation of steamboats, new canal development, and finally the railroad revolution. Americans were aware that improvement of transportation network would increase land values, encourage domestic and foreign trade, and strengthen the American economy.

The need for better
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It shortened the trip from Buffalo and New Your from twenty to six days, it ran 363 miles, and marked the beginning of rapid Chicago’s growth. Another example of canal was the Illinois and Michigan Canal, built in 1848 that connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. Most canals were built by the immigrants, convict, but also by the artisans. By 1840 there were already almost 3,300 miles of canals ready to serve the big need of cheaper and heavier transportation, however not all canals were as financially successful as Erie Canal. Despite the huge effort to construct the canals, they had some limitation and one of them was inability to operate during freezing winter season. Some of them had to face bankruptcy and the canal era had ended in the late twentieth century. Today, the remaining of the canals that were not bought over the railway companies serve as canoeing and kayaking …show more content…
The railways were considered as a fast, smooth, less hazardous, year-round mode of transportation, and they seemed to answer the urgent need of growing economy. The first railroads in America were horse drawn, but with the development of the steam engine, the picture of American railway history changed forever. This new steam technology encourages the construction of steam locomotives that in turn created the need for more railways. Compering to the speed of canal ships of 3-5 kilometers per hour, the railways train was able to reach the speed of almost 50 kilometers per hour. In general, the railways were easier, faster, and cheaper to build than canals. The perfect examples of the first railway, and the most prominent, were the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad counting 13 miles with the double track, or second railroad with 136 miles length from Charleston to Hamburg in South Carolina. By 1840 the America had over 30,000 miles of railroads tracks, where three-fourth of which belong to the quickly developing North. The new railways faced also some challenges like the need for more powerful locomotives, fires caused by wood burning engines, ineffective brakes, or the construction of the different width of railways preventing from being used by the competing

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