The Impact Of The Antibiotic Resistance To Antibiotics

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The antibiotic was discovered in 1930 and 1940, and antibiotic is a drug given to the patient that has an infection caused by microbes, such as bacteria, parasites and fungi. It was a transformative sign for human medical history and veterinary medicine, in particular, the antibiotics have saved millions of lives due to their effectiveness to controlling infection diseases. Regrettably, antibiotics have been used so widely and this has led to the rapid appearance of antibiotic resistance. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), antibiotic resistance has become a global health threat. In addition, in 2014 US president Barack Obama had issued an executive order calling for the implementation of measures to reduce the emergence and …show more content…
In the last decade, statistics have showed a quick increase of microbes ' resistant to antibiotics. For example, in the United States every year at least 2 million people are infected by bacteria no longer responses to any antibiotic treatment, and 23,000 of these patients die due to a direct result of antibiotic resistant infection (CDC, 2013). Furthermore, in 29 European countries about 25,000 people die each year from infections with antibiotic resistance (ECDC, 2009). Also, bacteria resistance to antibiotics caused about 700,000 death cases around the world every year (Terence,2016). However, the emergence of resistant microorganisms is a complicated process, and the main reason for not yet achieve an effective prevention for this problem is due to a lack of basic knowledge of the biomedical and physiological mechanism of resistance (Julian and Dorothy, 2010). Therefore, there are many factors have led to or cause antibiotics resistance, but the main reason is the overuse and misuse in humans, animals and agriculture (David, Martin and Rene, …show more content…
Therefore, although an improved understanding of the impacts of human behaviors on antibiotics resistance development needed, educating people about antibiotic resistance could be helpful for current antibiotic to be actively used for further.
Additionally, the widespread use of antibiotics in agriculture farms has greatly contributed to raise the development of microbes against antibiotics (Roca et al, 2015), which means implementation of prohibit use antibiotics as promotion growth in food animals should be mandatory. This regulation could be a significant solution in order to slow the evolution of bacteria resistant to antibiotics, which possible might lead to understand the mechanism of how bacteria became resistance to antibiotic treatment, due to this mechanism is intel now likely unknown (Julian and Dorothy,

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