Psychology And Internationalization

Amazing Essays
ocuments contrived for specific cultural audiences might not be suitable for different audiences, unless we make appropriate alterations to contextualize the material for the new audience. This process, otherwise known as the internationalization, is a very difficult task because symbolism and meaning vary significantly across cultures. Changing the wording or a symbol can be extremely difficult, as meaning is not always transferrable. This is true in many fields however, I want to focus on the impact of internationalization in the field of psychology, and how history and location can influence its materials. In recent years, psychology has seen an increase in international authors and collaborators, which has initiated a move towards a more …show more content…
Brock (2013), Brock explains how an emphasis on American practices in psychology have disregarded Canadian’s significant contributions to the field and its history. He supports this argument by providing examples of psychologists who have edited or created material for the field while based in Canada. These examples include previous presidents of the American Psychology Association (APA) Division 26 (History of Psychology), as well as another organization called Cheiron, which deals with materials including information on the history of psychology (p. 87). Brock explains Cheiron’s connection with The Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences, and how scholars based out of Canada influence it and other …show more content…
Although they may vary in their positions on how successful the field of psychology is in internationalizing its materials, they all agree that internationalization is necessary to meet the needs of a more globalized world. One of the main suggestions for increasing internationalization in the U.S. is hiring international contributors to author, edit, and collaborate on U.S. psychology journals. It is easy when translating theories across cultures, for information to be incorrectly translated or misinterpreted. Having international collaboration reduces the risk of misinterpretation or culturally biased theories, and contributes to creating a more universally applicable discipline. Other suggestions include adjusting some of the current assumptions in Western psychology theories, which assume the audience’s values align with a low-context, individualistic cultures. Internationalization is a crucial step in adapting the field of psychology to meet the needs of a universal

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    (J.Campbell, 1) In an age of information overflowing it could be difficult to connect and adapt to all the new things, therefore in order for individuals to understand and interact with this interconnected world, they must embrace global perspective and viewpoints for their own sake and for the humanities sake. (J.Campbell, 1) Some believe that globalization is intrinsically “good”, others believe it is inherently “bad”, and still others assert that while it is intrinsically neither good nor bad, it can have both positive and negative effects. (J.Campbell, 4) Some view globalization as the new phenomenon driven by technologies such as satellites, cell phones and internet while others see it as an extension of ongoing processes that encompass all of human history. (J, Campbell, 5) The term “globalization refers to a multidimensional set of social processes that create, multiply stretch, and intensify worldwide social interdependence and exchanges while at the same time fostering in people a growing awareness of deepening connections between the local and the distant.”(J, Campbell, 4) Westernization is usually known as a particular type of universalize in which the social structures of modernity (capitalism, industrialism, rationalism, urbanism, etc.) are spread the world over, destroying the cultures and local…

    • 1367 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Other than that, globalization enables us to find opportunities and freedoms. It exposes us to new influences of cultures diversity, thus, allowing us to learn and grow. More interaction between people of different countries leads to more tolerance allowing less conflict and more unity and thus leads to political stability. Although some argued that globalization has many disadvantages, it is believed that globalization has brought the developing countries many more benefit than the detriment particularly in term of economy, culture and politics. Therefore, countless of efforts should be encouraged in order to promote globalization where every individual should be taught and trained so they aware of the numerous benefits of…

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    As a research model, cultural-psychologist are more inclined to embrace qualitative methodologies. In contrast, cross-cultural studies emphasize positivistic value approaches. However, as a developing discipline, cultural psychology parades unsolidified characteristics and boundaries. The newness of the field presents certain challenges among researchers when attempting to clearly define the concepts, principles and practices within the field of study. As such, the theoretical approaches employed by cultural psychologist are abundant, and so too are the corresponding methodologies used to conduct research.…

    • 1213 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Using Behavior theory I would begin identifying the unsuitable stimulus-response bonds. This helping me discover what is causing these specific behaviors and the effect they have on my client. In hopes of interfering with these bonds, I would set up stable conditions for teaching new strategies so more appropriate behaviors will be learned. I would then use the four general behavior modification techniques which include imitative learning, cognitive learning, emotional learning, and operant conditioning. Imitation learning is also known as modeling, which teaches new behaviors through actual or simulated performing of desired behaviors.…

    • 946 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Although this may be true, approaching human rights from a cultural perspective is a crucial component in the realization of human rights in practice. Firstly, because it calls for questions concerning the kind of research that is necessary to establish human rights ideals in practice. Secondly, because it seeks to find political, theoretical support, which makes the importance of an intersubjective understanding of human rights. Even more importantly, throughout the reading, Nash explains that it is through cultural politics that the ideals of universal human rights can be realized in practice. Moreover, they are…

    • 995 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The attitude-behavior relation is complex. To better understand why attitudes seemingly do not always produce actions, an understanding of cognitive dissonance theory is needed. This theory helps explain the attitude-behavior consistency gap. Using this theory, it can be understood that actions are aligned with, or will be altered to become aligned with, the most current attitude. When an attitude change occurs, behaviors will be produced that align with this new attitude.…

    • 1062 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    One of the differences is social psychology focus more on the ethical attitudes and moral what actions the person makes in front others. Furthermore, social psychology has to make observations and thoughts and ideas of each and multicultural focus on these factors with mix more cultures. The Multicultural is more for each has the different environments, varying, different roles and different cultures (Lott, 2010). Social psychology is a field that to encompass many aspects of the diversity of such cultural determinate for the individual identifier and cultural influences. Also, the forms of people to create their conclusions about the cause of the human behavior and how people are very attractive to focus on the relationships between different cultures.…

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Lastly, this paper will highlight the strengths and limitations of humanism as a system as well as the multicultural and diversity considerations when working with clients in a therapeutic setting. Humanistic Psychology Humanistic psychology was developed…

    • 1953 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The individual deemed inadmissible due to misrepresentation must now appeal the decision with the Federal Court or the Immigration Refugee Appeal Board, in order to be reconsidered. A second issue that has arisen is the concern of what will happen in the event that a foreign national is visiting in Canada when the policy comes into effect. According to the Immigration and Refugee Protections Regulations (IRPR), section 240 talks about removal orders against foreign nationals, whether the Minster enforces it, or it is enforced by voluntary compliance .…

    • 1070 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In 1982, after a long negotiation process with the provincial premiers, the Canadian Constitution was patriated by Pierre Trudeau’s federal government. Although Ontario and New Brunswick were supportive of patriating the Constitution, the other eight provinces decided to take a stand against Trudeau’s threat of unilateral action. The Premiers of those provinces formed the Gang of Eight and opposed Trudeau’s attempt to bring home the Constitution. On November 4, 1981 Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau met with seven of the eight Premiers to negotiate patriating the Constitution, the only Premier not to be included was Rene Levesque, the Premier of Quebec. After negotiations were successful, an agreement was made to patriate the Constitution, but…

    • 1831 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays