The Impact Of HIV/AIDS In Nigeria

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From the high savanna to the oil rich deltas, not only known for its beautiful landscapes, Nigeria has a total of almost 82 million people calling it home. (Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) ,2016). Nigeria, which is home to over 250 different ethnic groups, has one of the highest rates of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) prevalence, which greatly impacts the lives of all living there (Answers Africa, 2016). HIV/AIDS is one of the most prevalent diseases in Nigeria with millions of people suffering from the disease. Being a completely preventable disease with the right education on how the infection is spread and how to get tested to see if the disease is present, one would expect this number to decrease. …show more content…
The quality of life is greatly affected by impacting not only the physical health of the individual but also the psychological and the emotional health of the individual and those who are closest to them.

A disease such as HIV is categorized by a virus that attacks the host body’s immune system, the white blood cells in particular. Once infected, the host will find it difficult to fight off minor infections. There are two main types of HIV, HIV-1 is the most common form and HIV-2 is found mainly in West Africa with few cases reported in Europe and India. The transfer of the virus can come in many different forms of bodily fluids such as: breast milk, blood, semen, and vaginal and anal fluids. It is a common myth to think that the HIV virus can spread through saliva, sweat, or urine, but this is not true. The most common way the virus is
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There is currently no cure but the antiretroviral can help slow the progression, but HIV/AIDS is still 100% deadly. Although it is completely preventable, there are not enough teachers to teach sexually education and there are not enough clinics offering to test for HIV/AIDS so it is continuing to spread. HIV/AIDS does not just impact the person with the infection, their entire support system is affected and it can be damaging to those relationships which would take away the support system for the individual. More programs need to become available in countries like Nigeria to help spread awareness of the disease, to help people identify if HIV/AIDS is present in their blood, and education to help those get treatment and to avoid spreading the disease. Some examples of programs that the United States of America has like increasing access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV and increasing HIV testing and prevent HIV risk (Healthy People, 2016). Over all more awareness and programs can help to stop the HIV/AIDS

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