The Impact of Cso Legislation on Environmental Justice Movement in Ethiopia

13666 Words Jul 7th, 2014 55 Pages
THE IMPACT OF THE CHARITIES AND SOCIETIES LEGISLATION ON THE PROMOTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IN ETHIOPIA

By Gebremedhin Birega gbdagaga@gmail.com

March 2014 Addis Ababa Ethiopia

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Abstract Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in general and environmental CSOs in particular, have been playing considerable constructive role in the nation building efforts in Ethiopia. However, all their contributions are not wholeheartedly accepted by the government. In 2009, the government introduced a new law overtly presented to register, administer and create an enabling environment for a more meaningful contribution of CSOs/NGOs. Nevertheless, it has been argued that the introduction of the new law further weakened the already young and
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According to World Economic Forum (2013: 9-10) some of the multifaceted roles of civil society across the globe include but not limited to: • • • Watchdog: holding institutions to account, promoting transparency and accountability; Advocate: raising awareness of societal issues and challenges and advocating for change; Service provider: delivering services to meet societal needs such as education, health, food security; implementing disaster management, preparedness and emergency response; • Expert: bringing unique knowledge and experience to shape policy and strategy, and identifying and building solutions; • • • Capacity builder: providing education, training and other capacity building activities; Incubator: developing solutions that may require a long gestation or payback period; Representative: giving power to the voice of the marginalized, voiceless or underrepresented groups of the society; • Citizenship champion: encouraging and supporting the citizen to engage in environmental and social justice promotion; • • Solidarity supporter: promoting fundamental and universal values; and Definer of standards: creating norms that shape market and state activity.

Civil society groups engaged in environmental and social justice have been playing additional

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