The Image Of Women In Film Analysis

1487 Words 6 Pages
Carroll, N. (1990) ‘The Image of Women in Film: A Defense of a Paradigm’, Feminism and Traditional Aesthetics, 48(4), pp. 349–360.

In this article, Noël ascertains that feminism is the most distinct movement in film criticism. By using psychoanalysis, he criticizes the essay written by Laura Mulvey (1989) “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”. The purpose of the paper is to defend the images women are portrayed in film approach, which is similar to the idea of Murphy (2015) that women are underrepresented in nowadays film. According to Noël, Mulvey believes that the Hollywood cinema succeeds because of the manipulation of the audience’s visual pleasure, which reflects the patriarchal culture. To seek a theoretical framework that will enable
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King claims that not only in positioning the influence over filmmaking, but also in describing heroes, women has been gradually recognized. Besides, King states that the audience expect female to have the rookie appearance in early films; however, women often appear as sophisticated workers in recent films. That statement is similar to what Citron (1978) mentioned that although film, regarded as the technical field, was more appropriated to male, nowadays, it tends to welcome the entry of women. The article includes scales of research and is comprehensive. King chooses every PG- or R-rated violent feature films produced by American companies between 1967 and 2006 to distinguish the difference and influence of describing heroes as men and women. Through his analysis, women in cop action movies are neither not more likely to be violated, nor more likely to quit their jobs, which is similar to the indication stated by Murphy (2015) that women are less underrepresented in the recent decade. To conclude, King indicates that women in the cop and action genre have scarcity in access to the most potent and unstable forms of state authority, instead of toughness and skills, which objects the theory highlighted by Dutt (2014) that the height of beauty, brains …show more content…
She analyzes the reason why the female is underrepresented in movies by using the concept of social cognitive theory and cultivation theory. According to Murphy, the social cognitive theory proposes that the expectation of people for real-world situations will develop from observational learning while consuming media. On the other hand, cultivation theory suggests that how the audience identifies the long-term message will be influenced by the exposure time of specific cultural messages. She indicates that even though women represent supporting roles, in the recent decade, female are less objectified sexually and are regarded more as the symbol of exceptional, strength and independent. Examples of Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger Games series and Tries in Divergent series who impress the audience that female and male are equal are used to evidence her claim. However, according to Murphy, the female is still on behalf of sexuality and have less power in various films. The article is well-researched and comprehensive. The primary methodology Jocelyn uses is qualitative research. She chooses 15 top grossing movies over a 20-year span, from 1993 to 2013, as her research materials to examine whether female play significant and leading characters or are underrepresented or misrepresented in the majority of films. She not only provides

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