Essay about The Iliad And Oedipus Rex

1734 Words Dec 3rd, 2015 7 Pages
As time passes, human philosophy evolves in correspondence to the change in times. The epitome of this is Classical Greece, where the belief in fate destined by gods decreased and belief in an individual 's free will increased. Homer 's The Iliad and Sophocles ' Oedipus Rex draw attention to the shift in mindset of the ancient Greeks as time went on. The fundamental change in belief comes to light when comparing introductions of the Iliad and Oedipus Rex, characters ' thoughts, actions, and practices of the times.
The disparity between The Iliad and Oedipus Rex is glaringly obvious, it 's the first thing the reader is hit with when he reads both pieces. The Iliad 's first words are:
Rage—Goddess, sing the rage of Peleus ' son Achilles,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . but made their bodies carrion, feasts for the dogs and birds, and the will of Zeus was moving toward its end.
Begin, Muse, when the two first broke and clashed,
Agamemnon lord of men and brilliant Achilles.
What god drove them to fight with such a fury?
Apollo the son of Zeus and Leto. (Book I. 1-10)
Before the reader is introduced to a character relevant to the story, the reader is introduced to a Goddess who is sharing the story. The reader must rely on a goddess to accurately depict the story before even the characters rely on deities. Having a "goddess" share the story demonstrates just how widespread the…

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