The Ideas Of John Locke's Second Treatise On Government

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John Locke, as a founder of the theoretical system of the classical liberalism is known for his philosophical works. In his “Two Treaties on government” Locke expressed his position about the country, government and the rights of human being. In his philosophical works he criticized the idea of absolute monarchy as the power given by God. In the “Second Treatise on Government” Locke tries to understand the essence of state and government. Since the beginning of human history, people were free and equal in their rights, although this equality was merely formal than tangible. Locke expresses the idea that people are the only source of power. The country itself and the political power can appear only during certain period of the development …show more content…
However, it is impossible to create a legitimate government unless people consent to obey him. According to Locke the only way to obtain the right to rule the society was to receive the consent of this society. The state receives as much power from people as it is necessary and sufficient to achieve the main goal of the political community. The main goal of every political community is to create the conditions for everyone to secure their civil rights. John Locke justified the revolutionary idea of people’s legal right to resist the power that infringes people’s natural rights and …show more content…
The main reason for mass demonstrations in Hong Kong was the refusal of the Chinese government to guarantee democratic rights to the citizens of Hong Kong. According to the new system the Head of Government of Hong Kong will be elected by popular vote. However, no more than three candidates can take part in the elections. These candidates have to win more than half of the votes of the Special Committee on Elections. Basically, it means that the social contract was violated as it is hardly possible that the Head of Government will receive the consent of all the citizens of Hong Kong. The aim of the revolution in Hong Kong is not only to change the system of elections, but also to implement democratic changes. Protesters demanded from the Chinese government to give them ‘the right to nominate and directly elect the head of the Hong Kong government’ (Iyengar). The more dependent on Chinese government Hong Kong’s Government becomes, the less likely it is that all the natural rights of Hong Kong citizens will be preserved. Chinese government usurping the power used it not to achieve the main goal of political community, but to make the control over the society even stricter. John Locke thought that the sovereignty of the people was more important than the sovereignty of the country created by these people. If the tyranny has violated the social contract, the majority of people can decide

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