Use Of The Ideal Political System In Plato's Republic

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In Plato’s Republic, there are many ideas that Plato likes to discuss using his characters, like Socrates. Plato uses the Republic to talk about the ideal political system, which in this case is an aristocracy, and why he believes it to be the best. Plato believes that an ideal society comes from a structured political body. This consists of three main classes of people: people who produce such as farmers or artisans, warriors, and rulers. The society is correct when those three classes have proper relations. Each class must perform its own task, and only that task, and it needs to be in the correct position of power in comparison to the other groups. Rulers must rule, auxiliaries must sustain the rulers’ stances and, the producers’ must restrain …show more content…
With philosophers as rulers of a society they will look for just laws that are right and true. Also, he introduced the idea that women should be equal to men. Women were given the opportunity to be “philosopher queens and could have the same social roles as men. He has this idea because he believes that women and men have the same nature in respect to behaving as guardians of the state, although one may be weaker than the other. So women are given the same educational opportunities as men in his ideal …show more content…
Today, we see more of an influence of Lycurgus’ government in today’s nations rather than the ideals of Plato. Lycurgus’ government was more of a democracy and there are several nations, like the United States where a democracy is a country’s political system, but Plato’s ideas of having a philosopher king and being separated by class are not seen around the world. In earlier centuries, there have been aristocracies but they have been abolished and rulers were decided by family rather than being educated a certain way. Reading Republic and the Life of Lycurgus shows and insight of what both Plato and Lycurgus thought as ideal and I think that Lycurgus’ political system is more just than Plato’s ideal

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