The Human Of Human Genome Research Institute Essays

1365 Words Apr 27th, 2016 6 Pages
The twenty-first century has been marked by a lot of innovation and creativity. The one thing that sets this era apart from centuries prior is the extensive, advanced technology. One example of the innovative technologies is the advancing discovery of cloning. According to the National Human Genome Research Institute, cloning is a process that creates “an exact genetic replica of another cell, tissue, or organism” (National Human Genome Research Institute). The two cells, tissues, or organisms possess identical DNA. Because of this, they have the same genes, and should look and behave very similarly.
There are several various cloning procedures: natural cloning, artificial embryo twinning, somatic cell nuclear transfer, and gene cloning. The University of Utah’s Health Department has recently published an electronic article describing some of these processes in detail. Giving birth to twins is referred to as natural cloning. In the prime stages of development, the embryo divides, eventually resulting in two different babies. However, because they came from the same egg, they are genetically identical. Artificial embryo twinning mirrors this process. However, it differs in that the process occurs in a petri dish, rather than the mother’s body. Scientists divide the embryo into individual cells, then move the two cells into a surrogate mother, who gives birth to them. As with natural born twins, the embryos are genetically identical because they are from the same egg…

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