The Human Mind And The Mind-Body Problem

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The philosophical debate as to whether the human mind is a purely physical substance or a non-physical substance is an argument that has been around for centuries. Philosophers around the world have formulated a multitude of responses to the debacle, but none of the arguments have been universally accepted at this time. The debate has two main viewpoints. The first being the monistic view of the mind-body problem where the mind is a non-physical substance and the second being the dualism view of physicalism where the mind is a physical substance (Herrick). In this paper, I will favor and argue for the view that the mind is non-physical substance.
The mind-body problem is a continual argument within the philosophy of the mind revolving around the relationship between the human mind and the physical, material world. The mind-body problem raises the idea that the mind is not the same as the brain but also leads to question as to how the two different substances are connected to each other and therefore what the mind is exactly made up of (Herrick). More specifically, the mind-body problem is the dilemma of explaining how mental thoughts,
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Gilbert Ryle argues that mental thoughts are actually intelligent acts that the brain has caused, meaning there is no difference between mental thoughts and intelligent acts. In response to Rene Descartes argument, Ryle states “I shall often speak of it, with deliberate abusiveness, as ‘the dogma of the Ghost in the Machine.’ I hope to prove that it is entirely false, and false not in detail but in principle” (Ryle p.367). He argues that the there is not a separate substance called the “mind” inside a separate substance called the “body.” The workings of the mind, Ryle’s believes, do not cause distinct actions of the body, but instead they are a way to explain why the body has done its actions, and therefore they are together the same physical substance

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