Essay about The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )

2004 Words Oct 30th, 2014 null Page
From the beginning of human history, man has encountered various diseases, illnesses, and infections. Among these many infections is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), a rampant lentivirus that has infected about 938,000 Americans since its discovery (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). A lentivirus is a genus of viruses known for their long incubation periods (The Aids Institute, 2012). Lentiviruses are a classification of Retroviruses, a virus that duplicates itself into a host cell’s Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) through a process known as Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) reverse transcription (Kimball, 2011). HIV weakens the immune system by destroying the necessary cells that fight disease and infection, and reproduces by controlling cells in the body of its host (Planned Parenthood, 2014).
Gradual failure of the immune system causes deadly cancers and opportunistic infections such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, to develop (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 2011). HIV transmission occurs when blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast-milk, or pre-ejaculation is transferred from an infected individual to an uninfected individual. HIV does not survive well outside of the body; therefore it cannot be spread by casual contact with an infected person. “Acute infection”, is the phase in the weeks following contamination when large doses of the virus are created. Flu-like symptoms fever, headache, tiredness, and enlarged lymph glands in the neck that…

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