The Horticultural Dependency Dilemmas Essay

1604 Words Oct 8th, 2015 7 Pages
Anthropology in the 19th century was composed more so of the evolutionism of ideas, which differentiated cultural structures through different stages of evolution using the single deductive theory. Learning from the failures of the horticultural dependency dilemmas, the Neolithic Revolution began allowing people not to depend on nature to gather food, but rather produce their own food through labor. Which later developed a whole new world for humans, transcending from hunting and gathering to agriculture, establishing settlements. During the 20th century there were more comparative studies with collected data used to analyze the differences of various cultures.
Anthropologist Bronislow Malinowski created an important foundation of fieldwork known as functionalism, which was then a new way to see other cultures. Malinowski argued that the establishment of culture was created to meet the needs of individuals rather than the complete society. He believed that “society is like a biological organism with many interconnected parts” reasoning that society is created when the needs of a human entity if met, the society’s needs are met. A shift or change in one part is likely to change other parts making all segments of culture interconnected. The two things that were crucial to understanding the way the Trobriand society operated were the feelings of people and their motives. This proves that Malinowski’s developed fieldwork had a strong psychological factor towards his research of…

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