The Holy Quran Essay

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The Holy Quran is a compilation of the verbal revelations given to the HolyProphet Muhammad (saw) over a period of twenty three years. The Holy Quran is the Holy Book or the Scriptures of the Muslims. It lays down for them the law and commandments, codes for their social and moral behaviour, and contains a comprehensive religious philosophy. The language of the Quran is Arabic.
Besides its proper name, the Quran is also known by the following names:alKitabThe Book;alFurqan (The Discrimination): al Dhikr (The Exposition); al Bayan (The Explanation); al Burhan (The Argument); al Haqq (The Truth); al Tanzil (The Revelation); al Hikmat(The Wisdom); al Huda (The Guide); al Hukm (The Judgment); al Mau'izah(The Admonition); al Rahmat (The Mercy);
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o It provides for him the knowledge of right and wrong, of the difference between the straight path and that which leads him astray. o The Quranic law deals with beliefs, morality, worship, civil transactions, punishment for intentional injuryto thehuman body, property andhonor. o Quoted below, are several injunctions of the Quran which set as guidance for individuals:
“Come not nigh to the orphan’s property except to improve it”. Thisverse explicitly speaks on the importance of how to treat an orphan’s property.” o In matters of inheritance, the Quran lays down regulations for a just distribution of wealth left behind a deceased person. o Theft is prohibited and punishment is laid down. Drinking wine, games of chance and charging interest are prohibited without a penalty being fixed. o There are laws concerning false accusations, blood money and retaliation:
“We ordained therein for them; life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth and wounds equal foe equal…” o The Quranic law is perpetual and
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Hazrat Abu Huraira, a distinguished companion of the Prophet, compiled 5375 traditions in his book called Sahifa-e-AbuHuraira. o Hazrat Ayesha also compiled 2210 traditions were known as the musnad of Ayesha. HazratAli made an entire compilation on legal issues. o Hazrat Abu Bakr also compiled 500 traditions which were passed on to Hazrat Ayesha. o This period was followed by the second stage of compilation, which is also known as Taba’een stage. o It covers the lifetime of the followers of the companions of the Holy Prophet. During this time, graeter attention was given to the compilation of scattered traditions as many companions began to die. The UmmayadCaliph, Hazrat Umar Bin AbdulAziz issued the order of compilation. o In compliance with this order, all the Hadith were gathered into one compilation. o As the century progressed, more authentic works started to come into light. Such as, Imam AbuHanifa’sKitabulAthar and Imam Malik Bin Anas’ Al-Muwatta. Many Maliki and Shafi schools of thought were also formulated which gave the task of compilation more importance. o The third stage of compilation is the stage of TabaTaba’een (the age of the followers of

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