The History of Occupational Health and Safety Essay

1180 Words Oct 19th, 2006 5 Pages
In the early 1900s industrial accidents were commonplace in this country; for example, in 1907 over 3,200 people were killed in mining accidents. At this time legislation and public opinion all favored management. There were few protections for the worker's safety. Today's industrial employees are better off than their colleagues in the past. Their chances of being killed in an industrial accident are less than half of that of their predecessors of 60 years ago. According to National safety Council (NSC), the current death rate from work-related injuries is approximately 4 per 100,000, or less than a third of the rate of 50 years ago. Improvements in safety up to now have been the result of pressure for legislation to promote health and …show more content…
These were the primary reasons behind the passage of Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHA) and the Federal Mine safety Act of 1977. These Federal laws, particularly OSHA, represent the most significant legislation to date in the history of the safety movement.
Work related injuries are estimated to cost the country $4.2 billion a year according to the latest figures released by the Occupational Safety and Health Service of the Department of Labour. This includes an estimate of the total cost of work related fatalities only of $150 million. Researchers estimate that the ‘insured costs' of accidents are only a minor part of the total cost of accidents to the economy. Estimates of the total cost range from six times the ‘insured cost' through to 53 times the ‘insured cost'. These ‘uninsured costs' can include lost production during clean-up and investigation, cost of replacing injured workers and training new ones, replacement of damaged machines, extra supervisory time and effort, loss of goodwill and staff morale and other costs. On the other hand, an Accidental Loss is a loss, often a bodily injury, caused by an accident. There are many different types of losses that can be experienced. Common examples of sudden deaths include heart attack, stroke, accidents such as car, train, airplane, industrial, vacation etc., post-operative complication and rapidly fatal acute leukemia. Each type of sudden loss, whether a heart or a

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