The Health Information Technology For Economic And Clinical Health

1486 Words Jan 24th, 2016 null Page
The largest United States initiative to date that is designed to encourage widespread use of electronic health records is the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act of 2009. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act was signed into law as part of the “stimulus package.” The purpose of this paper is to review and summarize the literature on the benefits and drawbacks of Electronic Health Record systems in light of the changes anticipated from this policy initiative. Much of the literature has focused on key Electronic Health Record functionalities, including computerized order entry systems, health information exchange, and clinical decision support systems. Our paper describes the potential benefits of Electronic Health Records that include organizational outcomes (e.g., financial and operational benefits), societal outcomes (e.g., improved ability to conduct research, improved population health, reduced costs) and clinical outcomes (e.g., improved quality, reduced medical errors). Despite these benefits, studies in the literature highlight drawbacks associated with Electronic Health Records, which include ongoing maintenance costs, disruptions to workflows that contribute to temporary losses in productivity that are the result of learning a new system and the high upfront acquisition costs. Further addressed legislatively in the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, Electronic Health…

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