The Guardians in Plato’s Republic Essay example

3052 Words Feb 20th, 2009 13 Pages
Plato defines justice as "each social class doing what it has to do". Plato believed in natural division of individuals where each person is suitable for a specific task. He thought that for a society to succeed, its members have to work together for its general well being. Here, Plato defines three social classes that constitute a society: the guardians that have the wisdom; the auxiliaries that have the courage, and the workers that have the temperance. These three social classes are compared to the components of the soul that are the reason, the spirit, and the desire. Guardians are believed to represent the reason in the soul since they are supposed to use their minds in order to make the right decisions that will promote the well …show more content…
Guardians would be educating the whole population that includes the different social classes though telling myths and censorship. In fact, the educational system imagined by Plato would be a one that teaches each social party to do what it has to do in order to contribute to the general welfare of the state. The guardians would be taught to become guardians by inciting them to develop their critical thinking. While the auxiliaries would be trained to protect the states’ wealth and interest and to become one day guardians if they reach that high spirit state required to be a guardian. Finally, the workers would be educated to control their desires and to obey the guardians. However, this educational system is threatened by an eventual revolution that might occur if the other two classes refuse to do what they should and decide to do another thing. Hence, in this case, Plato thought that for this educational system to succeed, it has to first convince the population of a natural division that sets the role of every member of the society. In order to do so, the population must be shaped from the beginning to believe

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