Medieval City Life

Improved Essays
Looking at society today, we can look back and see the progression of city life that has taken place throughout time, and that has led us to what life is like in today’s day and age. From architecture, technology, and relationships, people and objects contained in these cities have transformed humanity, and the idea of city life as a whole. From the Medieval to the Industrial era, one can see the changes in what is considered to be a city and how these changes can affect people individually.
During the industrial era, cities grew rapidly and became centres of population and production. The growth of modern industry from the late 18th century led to massive urbanization and the rise of new, great cities. It first began in Europe, and then
…show more content…
While the industrial city relies on autonomy and a new sense of independence, the medieval city is heavily community based. Medieval homes are a community in the sense that a household not only contained a nuclear family, but apprentices, craftsmen, and domestics as well, that operate as a family unit. Lewis Mumford illustrates the function of a medieval household through this quote “The members ate together at the same table, worked in the same rooms, slept in the same or common hall, converted at night into dormitories, joined in the family prayers, participated in the common amusements”. It is very common in a medieval household to find different classes of people intermingled because there is no separation of the work life and home life. Since domesticity and labour are combined, the social interactions between classes served as a transformer of the mind. Also, the city was granted a charter from the King. A market system was created, rather than exchanging acts/items through tradeoffs. This resulted in the creation of money. This transformed society, as there was less watch over people, so they became more independent. As long as taxes were being received, people had a sense of independence. An educational system was formed through what individuals could learn from each other through their words and actions, which assisted in everyday tasks. Individuals also had to be socially …show more content…
Houses were “usually built in continuous rows around the perimeter of their rear gardens; sometimes in large blocks they formed inner courts, with a private green, reached through a single gateway on the street”. This demonstrates that even the way houses were geographically positioned served as a container. Medieval homes were considered an open unit, as they were open to many classes and many different types of people. Presence of strangers were welcome, regardless of whose home it was. Homes were constructed in a way that the interior was simply just open. There were no designated area for bathrooms, bedrooms or work spaces. Windows provided light and and air, and fireplaces were a symbol of unity, as it was a great equalizer. Everyone gathered around it for heat, regardless of their age, race, gender, social class, etc. In addition to the way the houses were built, there was usually a high wall surrounding the entire community. This wall acts as a barrier to the outside communities and a container of the community within. Along with the homes themselves, the city was organic, as it would grow as need be. There were no designated roads or streets, as these paths were formed naturally by individuals travelling through the city day by day. There was no preparational planning of the city layout as how there is in modernity. Everything was built to serve present purposes, and was configured as they go. No patterns

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    This might not always bring out the most essential character of the tissue, as we are not getting into details of anything. As we divide our buildings or spaces into two only two themes we miss out on certain special building or spaces which could actually be a key factor in the character of the urban fabric. This method only gives an overview of any tissue, as we don’t go into the details of any of the spaces or the buildings. Even when we look at the thematic spaces and buildings, all we study is the basic dimensions and the basic form of the space or the buildings. We never look at it in terms of the quality of those buildings and spaces.…

    • 931 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    During this era, companies turned into powerful industries, and our society changed into a more urban one. The Industrial Revolution had many positive effects because it caused citizens to unite, it led to urbanization, and created a huge increase in economic growth. Although, with the Revolution came long and tiring work hours, child labor, and pollution. Today, in the United States we still uses these benefits, but we also have to face the consequences that come along with it. We would not be the same country we are today without the Industrial…

    • 1475 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Urban Village Case Study

    • 1780 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Transformation of Built Environment in Urban Villages. Case Study - Urban Villages, Delhi Dr. Ruchita Gupta Assistant Professor, SPA Delhi Abstract Under the influence of rapid urbanization and economic development, many Indian cities have doubled or tippled in terms of population and land use. As a result, many villages, abaadi area and settlement are situated in periphery of City and Town are engulfed, and named as Urban Villages and Urban Villages Ext. Similarly, Lal Dora area within the city is also comes under urban villages. Primary factors for urbanization is to get employment and better living condition as compare to rural area.…

    • 1780 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Change In Urban Society

    • 1560 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Change In Urban Society At the end of the 18th century a revolution in energy and industry began in England and spread rapidly all around Europe later in the 19th century, bringing about dramatic and radical change. A significant impact of the Industrial Revolution was that on urban society. The population of towns grew vastly because economic advantage entailed that the new factories and offices be situated in the cities. The outlook of the city and urban life in general were profoundly modified and altered. Modern industry created factory owners and capitalists who strengthened the wealth and size of the middle class.…

    • 1560 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Beginning in the early to mid 1800’s the United States started to experience a flow of immigrants settling in the urban United States, and the rapid immigration went on to continue for the next few decades. The circulation of people and the Market Revolution had an enormous impact on the United States in various ways. These events during the nineteenth century brought many benefits to the American economy such as increased production of goods, the creation of new technologies, and higher employment rates. As a result, the United States economy experienced large growth during the urbanization of America, as well as during the Market Revolution. For several consecutive decades in the nineteenth century, the large flow of immigrants that settled…

    • 2403 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    And that led to people moving to the cities for industry jobs which results in the increase of urbanization. These are the main modernities found in World War I. The advancement of technology impacted the ways of this war. This was the first war with type of technology. The advancements of the weapons included airplanes, submarines, machine guns, tanks, poison gas, cannons, military shells, and steam boats.…

    • 931 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The modern industry was able to keep up the rapidly increasing demands. When this happened the industrial middle class was replaced by the modern bourgeoisie. These modern bourgeoisie were the leaders of the working industries and were also considered industrial millionaires. The modern industry established the world market. When America was discovered it made the development of land communication, commerce, and navigation rapidly increase.…

    • 1271 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    Oxfam Case Study Summary

    • 1482 Words
    • 6 Pages

    • Heavy responsible with Deputy Director since everything has centralized at his level. • No marketing department to promote and disseminate the service to customer. • No human resource department in the company. The recruitment, appraisal, recognition of the performance were done by deputy general manager alone. System • Lack of accounting system and database management to store or manage the customer information.…

    • 1482 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Umsagata, the refugee camp, “had no paved roads, so it didn’t attract many cars. [They] walked or ran everywhere [they] went,” (8) according to Mawi. While in Umsagata there were no cars, I often complain about the traffic to school and other places. I can not imagine having to travel on foot to school, since I live fourteen miles from Santa Fe Christian. Furthermore, I am many times unappreciative of being able to simply hop in my car and go where I want to go, without wasting any energy.…

    • 622 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    America’s industrial expansion in the late nineteenth century was part of a new economy for the country and the rapid urbanization. Many conditions and factors were part of a remarkable growth and the industrial supremacy. Since nineteenth century the industry built a manufacturing economy and a growing size of cities becoming an urban nation. However, the rapid urbanization, the respond of the government, and the accelerated industrialization transformed the society and the culture. Did the industrialization bring progress and pain to late nineteenth century America and help to develop a new economic order to the country?…

    • 796 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays